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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Witness

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A — 1: μάρτυς
(Strong's #3144 — Noun Masculine — martus | martur — mar'-toos )

(whence Eng., "martyr," one who bears "witness" by his death) denotes "one who can or does aver what he has seen or heard or knows;" it is used (a) of God, Romans 1:9 ; 2 Corinthians 1:23 ; Philippians 1:8 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:5,10 (2nd part); (b) of Christ, Revelation 1:5 ; 3:14 ; (c) of those who "witness" for Christ by their death, Acts 22:20 ; Revelation 2:13 ; Revelation 17:6 ; (d) of the interpreters of God's counsels, yet to "witness" in Jerusalem in the times of the Antichrist, Revelation 11:3 ; (e) in a forensic sense, Matthew 18:16 ; 26:65 ; Mark 14:63 ; Acts 6:13 ; 7:58 ; 2 Corinthians 13:1 ; 1 Timothy 5:19 ; Hebrews 10:28 ; (f) in a historical sense, Luke 11:48 ; 24:48 ; Acts 1:8,22 ; 2:32 ; 3:15 ; 5:32 ; 10:39,41 ; 13:31 ; 22:15 ; 26:16 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:10 (1st part); 1 Timothy 6:12 ; 2 Timothy 2:2 ; Hebrews 12:1 , "(a cloud) of witnesses," here of those mentioned in ch. 11, those whose lives and actions testified to the worth and effect of faith, and whose faith received "witness" in Scripture; 1 Peter 5:1 .

A — 2: μαρτυρία
(Strong's #3141 — Noun Feminine — marturia — mar-too-ree'-ah )

"testimony, a bearing witness," is translated "witness" in Mark 14:55,56,59 ; Luke 22:71 ; John 1:7,19 (RV); 3:11,32,33 (RV); 5:31,32,34 (RV),36; RV in 8:13,14,17; 19:35; 21:24; AV in Titus 1:13 ; AV and RV in 1 John 5:9 (thrice), 10 (1st part); RV in 1 John 5:10 (2nd part),11; 3 John 12 : see TESTIMONY , No. 2.

A — 3: μαρτύριον
(Strong's #3142 — Noun Neuter — marturion — mar-too'-ree-on )

"testimony or witness as borne, a declaration of facts," is translated "witness" in Matthew 24:14 , AV; Acts 4:33 ; 7:44 (AV); James 5:3 (AV): see TESTIMONY , No. 1.

A — 4: ψευδόμαρτυς
(Strong's #5575 — Noun Masculine — pseudomartus[-tur] — psyoo-dom-ar'-toor )

denotes "a false witness," Matthew 26:60 ; 1 Corinthians 15:15 .

A — 5: ψευδομαρτυρία
(Strong's #5577 — Noun Feminine — pseudomarturia — psyoo-dom-ar-too-ree'-ah )

"false witness," occurs in Matthew 15:19 ; 26:59 .

B — 1: μαρτυρέω
(Strong's #3140 — Verb — martureo — mar-too-reh'-o )

denotes (I) "to be a martus" (see A, No. 1), or "to bear witness to," sometimes rendered "to testify" (see TESTIFY , No. 1); it is used of the "witness" (a) of God the Father to Christ, John 5:32,37 ; 8:18 (2nd part); 1 John 5:9,10 ; to others, Acts 13:22 ; 15:8 ; Hebrews 11:2,4 (twice),5,39; (b) of Christ, John 3:11,32 ; 4:44 ; 5:31 ; 7:7 ; 8:13,14,18 (1st part); 13:21; 18:37; Acts 14:3 ; 1 Timothy 6:13 ; Revelation 22:18,20 ; of the Holy Spirit, to Christ, John 15:26 ; Hebrews 10:15 ; 1 John 5:7,8 , RV, which rightly omits the latter part of ver. 7 (it was a marginal gloss which crept into the original text: see THREE); it finds no support in Scripture; (c) of the Scriptures, to Christ, John 5:39 ; Hebrews 7:8,17 ; (d) of the works of Christ, to Himself, and of the circumstances connected with His Death, John 5:36 ; 10:25 ; 1 John 5:8 ; (e) of prophets and apostles, to the righteousness of God, Romans 3:21 ; to Christ, John 1:7,8,15,32,34 ; 3:26 ; 5:33 , RV; 15:27; 19:35; 21:24; Acts 10:43 ; 23:11 ; 1 Corinthians 15:15 ; 1 John 1:2 ; 4:14 ; Revelation 1:2 ; to doctrine, Acts 26:22 (in some texts, so AV; see No. 2); to the Word of God, Revelation 1:2 ; (f) of others, concerning Christ, Luke 4:22 ; John 4:39 ; 12:17 ; (g) of believers to one another, John 3:28 ; 2 Corinthians 8:3 ; Galatians 4:15 ; Colossians 4:13 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:11 (in some texts: see No. 2); 3 John 1:3,6,12 (2nd part); (h) of the Apostle Paul concerning Israel, Romans 10:2 ; (i) of an angel, to the churches, Revelation 22:16 ; (j) of unbelievers concerning themselves, Matthew 23:31 ; concerning Christ, John 18:23 ; concerning others, John 2:25 ; Acts 22:5 ; 26:5 ; (II) "to give a good report, to approve of," Acts 6:3 ; 10:22 ; 16:2 ; 22:12 ; 1 Timothy 5:10 ; 3 John 1:12 (1st part); some would put Luke 4:22 here.

B — 2: μαρτύρομαι
(Strong's #3143 — Verb — marturomai — mar-too'-rom-ahee )

strictly meaning "to summon as a witness," signifies "to affirm solemnly, adjure," and is used in the Middle Voice only, rendered "to testify" in Acts 20:26 , RV (AV, "I take ... to record"); 26:22, RV, in the best texts [see No. 1 (e)]; Galatians 5:3 ; Ephesians 4:17 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:11 , in the best texts [see No. 1 (g)].

B — 3: συμμαρτυρέω
(Strong's #4828 — Verb — summartureo — soom-mar-too-reh'-o )

denotes "to bear witness with" (sun), Romans 2:15 ; 8:16 ; 9:1 .

B — 4: συνεπιμαρτυρέω
(Strong's #4901 — Verb — sunepimartureo — soon-ep-ee-mar-too-reh'-o )

denotes "to join in bearing witness with others," Hebrews 2:4 .

B — 5: καταμαρτυρέω
(Strong's #2649 — Verb — katamartureo — kat-am-ar-too-reh'-o )

denotes "to witness against" (kata), Matthew 26:62 ; 27:13 ; Mark 14:60 (in some mss., Mark 15:4 , for kategoreo, "to accuse," RV).

B — 6: ψευδομαρτυρέω
(Strong's #5576 — Verb — pseudomartureo — psyoo-dom-ar-too-reh'-o )

"to bear false witness" (pseudes, "false"), occurs in Matthew 19:18 ; Mark 10:19 ; 14:56,57 ; Luke 18:20 ; in some texts, Romans 13:9 .

C — 1: ἀμάρτυρος
(Strong's #267 — Adjective — amarturos — am-ar'-too-ros )

denotes "without witness" (a, negative, and martus), Acts 14:17 .


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Witness'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/w/witness.html. 1940.

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