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Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types


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The stone is used as a type of many things throughout the Scripture. In both the Old Testament and the New, it represents the Lord JESUS CHRIST, or the child of GOD, or the truth of GOD. Sometimes it represents glory and beauty. It stands for solidity and permanence. We will give here some of these typical meanings:

Genesis 11:3 (c) Man-made doctrines are substituted for GOD's Word.

Genesis 49:24 (a) This represents the Lord JESUS CHRIST.

Exodus 20:25 (c) The thought in this passage probably is that the stones represent GOD's truth as revealed in His Word, and man is not to alter it nor change it in any way. False teachers and leaders do take GOD's Word and twist the meaning to suit their own theology. They take the passage from its text and misuse it. It is this that is forbidden by this type. (See also Deuteronomy 27:6; Joshua 8:31; 1 Kings 6:7).

Exodus 24:12 (c) The commandments were on stone, not on rubber, which would bend or stretch. It speaks of permanence and durability.

1 Samuel 17:49 (c) This may represent a portion of the Scripture, the Gospel.

Job 28:3 (b) We may understand these to be matters that are difficult to understand, and require much investigation and research.

Psalm 118:22 (b) There is no doubt but that this type represents the Lord JESUS CHRIST as the One in whom we trust for eternity. Israel rejected him as the foundation of their faith, but GOD exalted Him as the foundation of the Church. (See Isaiah 28:16; 1 Peter 2:6).

Psalm 144:12 (a) These represent beautiful daughters, refined, cultured, substantial and solid in their faith. They are dependable and trustworthy.

Proverbs 26:27 (b) This is probably a type of gossip, malicious lie, or a false report which when started returns to injure the one who told it.

Isaiah 8:14 (a) This type represents the Lord JESUS for He stood in the way of Israel. In rejecting Him they fell from their place of power and influence, and have been scattered abroad as a punishment for their sins. His Name and His presence are an offense to the nation of Israel. (See also Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10).

Isaiah 28:16 (a) This type of CHRIST reveals Him as being tried and tested by men and circumstances, and proving His perfection.

Isaiah 34:11 (b) These are types of those matters which look good, but have no value. They make a big show, but have no reality. These things are hypocritical, pretending to be what they are not. They look like stones, but really are puff balls.

Lamentations 3:9 (b) GOD permitted His prophet to be surrounded with wicked men and evil workers so that he could not go about His work easily nor comfortably.

Ezekiel 28:14 (b) Satan's glory is thus described. The unsaved follow the Devil's plans and programs, thinking he has permanent value, and will give permanent blessing.

Daniel 2:34 (b) The Lord JESUS is this stone who comes in His sovereign power to crush all opposition, to defeat his enemies, and to set up his own kingdom throughout the earth.

Zechariah 3:9 (b) This also is a type of CHRIST who is brought before men for their trust and confidence. It also represents CHRIST, Spirit-filled and Spirit-led, and yet the One who sends and gives the Holy Spirit. (See also Zechariah 4:7).

Matthew 21:44 (a) CHRIST JESUS is this stone, the Rock of ages, the foundation of all GOD's church and kingdom. When He crushes His enemies beneath His feet, they will be utterly broken, but those who, feeling their need, rest their lives and hearts on Him, they are eternally blessed. (See also Luke 20:18).

Luke 20:17 (a) CHRIST JESUS is this stone. He was rejected by Israel, and is still rejected by that nation. (See also Acts 4:11; 1 Peter 2:4-7).

1 Corinthians 3:12 (b) The good works of GOD's people carried on for the glory of GOD, the honor of CHRIST, and by the leading of the Spirit, are solid, substantial and eternal in their character.

1 Peter 2:5 (a) Christians are reckoned to be a part of CHRIST, and so they are as small stones broken off from the big stone, the Rock of Ages. They partake of His appearance and character.

Revelation 2:17 (b) Since the Scripture says that no man knows what this represents, we can hardly dare to express an opinion. It certainly represents some pure precious gift solid and eternal in character which the Lord will give to the overcomer.

Revelation 17:4 (b) This type refers to the great wealth and beauty that is seen and adorns false religions. Their magnificence is wonderful and attracts those who do not know our Lord.

Revelation 21:11 (b) This is poetic language which describes the glory of GOD by telling us of things we can understand, as a comparison to things we cannot understand.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Watson, Walter. Entry for 'Stone'. Wilson's Dictoinary of Bible Types. 1957.

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