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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary


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"The tower of the flock," or the tower of Ader, Micah 4:8 . It is said this tower was in the neighbourhood of Bethlehem, Genesis 35:21 , and that the shepherds to whom the angels revealed the birth of our Saviour were near to this tower, Luke 2:8 ; Luke 2:15 . Many interpreters assert, that the passage of Micah: in which mention is made of the tower of the flock: "And thou tower of the flock, the strong hold of the daughter of Zion," is to be understood of the city of Bethlehem, out of which our Saviour was to come. Others maintain, that the prophet speaks of the city of Jerusalem, in which there was a tower of this name, through which the flocks of sheep were driven to the sheep-market. "From the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city," 2 Kings 17:9 . This form of speaking expresses in general all the places of the country, from the least to the greatest. The towers of the watchmen, or of the shepherds, stood alone in the midst of the plain, in which the shepherds and herdsmen who looked after the flocks, or watchmen, might lodge. King Uzziah caused several towers to be built for the shepherds in the desert, and made many cisterns there, because he had a great number of flocks, 2 Chronicles 26:10 .

The tower of the flock, and that which Isaiah 5:2 , notices, which was built in the midst of a vineyard, were of the same kind.


TOWER OF SHECHEM was a citadel, or fortress, standing upon a higher ground than the rest of the city, and capacious enough to contain above a thousand persons. This tower, filled with the inhabitants of Shechem, was burned by Abimelech down to the very ground, together with those who had taken refuge in it.

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Bibliography Information
Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Tower'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. 1831-2.

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