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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary


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The Lord commanded Moses to make two trumpets of beaten silver, to be employed in calling the people together when they were to decamp, Numbers 10:2-3 , &c. They also chiefly made use of these trumpets, to proclaim the beginning of the civil year, the beginning of the Sabbatical year, and the beginning of the jubilee, Leviticus 25:9-10 . Josephus says, that these trumpets were near a cubit long; and had a tube, or pipe, of the thickness of a common flute. Their mouths were only wide enough to be blown into, and their ends were like those of a modern trumpet. At first there were but two in the camp, but afterward a greater number were made. Even in the time of Joshua there were seven of them, Joshua 6:4 . At the dedication of the temple of Solomon six-score priests sounded as many trumpets, 2 Chronicles 5:12 . Beside the sacred trumpets of the temple, the use of which was restrained to the priests only, in war there were others, which the generals sometimes employed for gathering their troops together. For example, Ehud sounded the trumpet, to assemble the Israelites against the Moabites, who oppressed them, and whose king Eglon he had lately slain, Judges 6:27 . Gideon took a trumpet in his hand, and gave every one of his people one, when he assaulted the Midianites, Judges 7:2 ; Judges 7:16 . Joab sounded the trumpet, to give the signal of retreat to his soldiers, in the battle against those of Abner's party, and in that against Absalom; and lastly, in the pursuit of Sheba the son of Bichri. 2 Samuel 2:28 ; 2 Samuel 18:16 ; 2 Samuel 20:22 . The feast of trumpets was kept on the first day of the seventh month of the sacred year, the first of the civil year. See MUSIC .

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Bibliography Information
Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Trumpet'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. 1831-2.

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