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Bible Encyclopedias

1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Aretas

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ARETAS (Arab. Haritha), the Greek form of a name borne by kings of the Nabataeans resident at Petra in Arabia. (1) A king in the time of Antiochus IV. Epiphanes (2 Macc. v. 8). (2) The father-in-law of Herod Antipas (Jos. Ant. xviii. 5. I, 3). In 2 Cor. xi. 32 he is described as ruler of Damascus at the time of Paul's conversion. Herod Antipas had married a daughter of Aretas, but afterwards discarded her in favour of Herodias. This led to a war with Aretas in which Antipas was defeated.

An Aretas is mentioned in 1 Macc. xv. 22, but the true reading is probably Ariarathes (king of Cappadocia). See Nabataeans.


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Bibliography Information
Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Aretas'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/bri/a/aretas.html. 1910.

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