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1911 Encyclopedia Britannica


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Or Macayo, a city and port of Brazil and capital of the state of Alagoas, about 125 m. S.S.W. of Pernambuco, in lat. 9° 39' 35" S., long. 35° 44' 36" W. Pop. including a large rural district and several villages (1890), 31,498; (1908, estimate), 33,000. The city stands at the foot of low bluffs, about a mile from the shore line. The water-side village of Jaragua, the port of MaceiO, is practically a suburb of the city. South of the port is the shallow entrance to the Lagoa do Norte, or Lagoa Mundahu, a salt-water lake extending inland for some miles. Maceio is attractively situated in the midst of large plantations of coco-nut and dende palms, though the broad sandy beach in front and the open sun-burned plain behind give a barren character to its surroundings. The heat is moderated by the S.E. trade winds, and the city is considered healthful. The public buildings are mostly constructed of broken stone and mortar, plastered outside and covered with red tiles, but the common dwellings are generally constructed of tapiarough trellis-work walls filled in with mud. A light tramway connects the city and port, and a railway - the Alagoas Central - connects the two with various interior towns. The port is formed by a stone reef running parallel with and a half-mile from the shore line, within which vessels of light draft find a safe anchorage, except from southerly gales. Ocean-going steamers anchor outside the reef. The exports consist principally of sugar, cotton, and rum ( aguardiente). Maceio dates from 1815 when a small settlement there was created a " villa." In 1839 it became the provincial capital and was made a city by the provincial assembly.

McENTEE, Jervis (1828-1891), American artist, was born at Rondout, New York, on the 14th of July 1828, and was a pupil of Frederick E. Church. He was made an associate of the National Academy of Design, New York, in 1860, and a full academician in 1861. In 1869 he visited Europe, painting much in Italy. He was identified with the Hudson River School, and excelled in pictures of autumn scenery. He died at Rondout,N.Y., on the 27th of January 1891.

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Bibliography Information
Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Maceio'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. 1910.

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