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Bible Encyclopedias

1911 Encyclopedia Britannica

Natural Gas

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GAS, the name given to the inflammable gas occurring in petroliferous formations. It consists mainly of hydrocarbons of the paraffin series, principally marsh gas, which constitutes from 50 to 90% of the Pennsylvanian gas. Members of the olefine series are also present, especially in the gas of Baku. Varying amounts of carbon dioxide, sometimes as much as io% or more, and small quantities of carbon monoxide, nitrogen, hydrogen and oxygen are also found. For particulars of the geological occurrence, and the collection and distribution, of natural gas, see Petroleum.

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Chisholm, Hugh, General Editor. Entry for 'Natural Gas'. 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica. 1910.

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