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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Eschatology of the Old Testament

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es -ka -tol´ō̇ -ji

A) Scope of Article

B) Dr. Charles's Work

C. Individual Religion in Israel

I. FUNDAMENTAL IDEAS

1. Idea of God

2. Idea of Man

Body, Soul and Spirit

3. Sin and Death

II. CONCEPTIONS OF THE FUTURE LIFE - SHEOL

Had Israel No Belief in a Future Life?

1. Reserve on This Subject: Hopes and Promises Largely Temporal

2. A F uture State not Therefore Denied

Belief Non-Mythological

3. Survival of Soul, or Conscious Part

4. The Hebrew Sheol

III. THE RELIGIOUS HOPE - LIFE AND RESURRECTI ON

a) Nature and Grace - M oral Distinctions

b) Religious Hope of Immortality

1. Sheol, Like Death, Connected with Sin

2. Religious Root of Hope of Immortality

Not Necessarily Late

3. Hope of Resurrection

(1) Not a Late or Foreign Doctrine

(2) The Psalms

(3) The Book of Job

(4) The Prophets

(5) Daniel - R esurrection of Wicked

IV. THE IDEA OF JUDGMENT - THE DAY OF YAHWEH

Judgment a Present Reality

1. Day of Yahweh

(1) Relation to Israel

(2) To the Nations

2. Judgment beyond Death

(1) Incompleteness of Moral Administration

(2) Prosperity of Wicked

(3) Suffering of Righteous with Wicked

3. Retribution beyond Death

V. LATER JEWISH CONCEPTIONS - APOCRYPHAL , APOCALYPTIC , RABBINICAL

1. Sources

(1) Apocrypha

(2) Apocalyptic Literature

(3) Rabbinical Writings

2. Description of Views

(1) Less Definite Conceptions

(2) Ideas of Sheol

(3) The Fallen Angels

(4) Resurrection

(5) Judgment

The Messiah

(6) The Messianic Age and the Gentiles

(7) Rabbinical Ideas

Literature

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Eschatology of the Old Testament'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/isb/e/eschatology-of-the-old-testament.html. 1915.

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