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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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gal´ẽr - i :

(1) ( אתּוּק , 'attūḳ , Kethı̄bh ; אתּיק , 'attı̄ḳ , used only in Ezekiel 41:16 ; Ezekiel 42:3 , Ezekiel 42:1 ; etymology and meaning uncertain; among the more probable suggestions are "pillar," "column," "walk with pillars," "colonnades," "passageway," "porches," "galleries" of "terraces." Cornhill suggests the substitution of ḳı̄rōth , "walls," to suit the context; others, e.g. Rothstein, would omit it as a dittography or other corruption): A long narrow balcony formed either by pillars or by the receding upper stories of a building. Both kinds are described in Ezekiel's vision of the Temple restored. They surround the three stories of side chambers around the Temple proper, and also the "building before the separate place which was at the back thereof," and the three-story structure containing rows of chambers in the outer court opposite the side-chambers of the Temple. Those around the Temple proper were apparently supported by pillars, and hence, they did not take away from the width of the 2nd-story and 3rd-story rooms (compare Ezekiel 41:7 ). On the other hand, the galleries of the outer buildings which were not supported by pillars and therefore not on top of each other, but in terraces, did take away from the upper stories more than from the lowest and middlemost: the upper chambers were shortened or "straitened more than the lowest and the middlemost from the ground."

The lower porches of the outer court were cut off from the view of those of the inner court by a low wall, but in the 3story, gallery looked out to gallery across the twenty cubits which belonged to the inner court and the pavement which belonged to the outer court." These "galleries," or 'attı̄ḳı̄m , are one of the few features that distinguish the temple of Ezekiel's vision from Solomon's temple. The idea and perhaps the word seem to have been borrowed from the more elaborate architecture of the countries of the Exile, which must have impressed the Jews of Ezekiel's time very strongly. The building Ezekiel would place in the outer court with its terraces is a perfect Babylonian ziggurat or stage-tower temple (compare Encyclopedia Brit , 11th edition, II, 374, c-d ).

(2) ( רהט , rahaṭ , probably "lock of hair," Song of Solomon 7:5 ; רהיט , rāhı̄ṭ Ḳerē , רחיט , rāḥı̄ṭ , Kethı̄bh , probably "rafters," Song 11:7; both words and also the similar word (rehāṭı̄m , Genesis 30:38 ; Exodus 2:16 ), translated "troughs," are probably connected with the Aramaic rehaṭ "to flow," "to run"): Although the King James Version uses "galleries" in Song of Solomon 7:5 and Song of Solomon 1:17 margin, the context in each place clearly points to another meaning. In the former of these passages, "the king is held captive in the tresses thereof," there follows a description of the head. In the latter passage the word in question is in parallelism with ḳōrōth bātēnū , "the beams of our house," and "rafters" the King James Version, or possibly "boards," is suggested.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Gallery'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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