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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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loks ((1) ציצת , cı̄cı̄th , (2) פּרע , pera‛ ; (3) מחלפה , maḥlāphāh , (4) קרצּה , ḳewūccāh ): See in general the article on HAIR . (1) The first word, cı̄cı̄th , means really a tassel, such as is worn by the Jews on the four corners of the prayer-shawl or tallith and on the 'arba‛ kanephōth ( Deuteronomy 22:12 ), translated in the New Testament by κράσπεδον , kráspedon (Matthew 9:20 ; Matthew 14:36 ; Matthew 23:5 ; Mark 6:56 ; Luke 8:44 ). Once it is applied to a forelock of hair. The prophet Ezekiel, describing his sensations which accompanied his vision of Jerusalem, says: "He put forth the form of a hand, and took me by a lock of my head; and the Spirit lifted me up between earth and heaven, and brought me in the visions of God to Jerus" (Ezekiel 8:3 ). (2) The word pera‛ signifies the uncut and disheveled locks of the Nazirite (Numbers 6:5 ) or of the priests, the sons of Zadok (Ezekiel 44:20 ). (3) The Book of Judges employs the word maḥlāphāh when speaking of the "seven locks" of Samson (Judges 16:13 , Judges 16:19 ), which really represent the plaited (etymologically, "interwoven") strands of hair still worn in our days by youthful Bedouin warriors. (4) Kewūccāh (Song of Solomon 5:2 , Song of Solomon 5:11 ) means the luxuriant hair of the Hebrew youth, who was careful of his exterior. It is called bushy (the Revised Version margin "curling") and black as a raven. the King James Version translations also the word cammāh with "locks" (Song of Solomon 4:1 ; Song of Solomon 6:7 ; Isaiah 47:2 ), but the Revised Version (British and American) has corrected this into "veil," leaving the word "locks" in Song of Solomon 4:1 margin.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Locks'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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