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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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mal - kı̄´ja ( מלפּיּה , malkı̄yāh , "Yah is king"; Μελχείας , Melcheı́as , with variants):

(1) A L evite, descendant of Gershom, of those whom David set over the "service of sting" in the worship (1 Chronicles 6:40 ).

(2) The head of the 5th course of priests (1 Chronicles 24:9 ).

(3) One of the laymen who had taken "strange wives" during the exile (Ezra 10:25 ); the "Melchias" of 1 Esdras 9:26.

(4) Another of the same name (Ezra 10:25 ; two in same verse). Called "Asibias" in 1 Esdras 9:26.

(5) Another under the same offense, son of Harim (Ezra 10:31 ). "Melchias" in 1 Esdras 9:32.

(6) One of the "repairers" who helped with the "tower of the furnaces" (Nehemiah 3:11 ).

(7) Son of Rechab ruler of Beth-haccerem, repairer of the dung gate (Nehemiah 3:14 ).

(8) A goldsmith who helped in building the walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 3:31 ).

(9) One of those at Ezra's left hand when he read the law (though possibly one of the above (Nehemiah 8:4 )). In 1 Esdras 9:44 "Melchias."

(10) One of the covenant signatories (Nehemiah 10:3 ).

(11) The father of Pashhur (Nehemiah 11:12 ; Jeremiah 21:1 ; Jeremiah 38:1 ).

(12) A priest, a singer at the dedication of the walls of Jerusalem under Ezra and Nehemiah (Nehemiah 12:42 ).

(13) ( מלכּיהוּ , malkı̄yāhū as above with u ending): Son of Ham-melech (or, as 1 Kings 22:26 ; 2 Chronicles 28:7 translate it, "king's son"). Jeremiah was cast into his dungeon or pit ( Jeremiah 38:6 ).

The King James Version spells "Malchiah" or "Malchijah" indifferently with "Melchiah" in Jeremiah 21:1 ; the English Revised Version has "Malchiah" in Jeremiah 21:1 ; Jeremiah 38:1 , Jeremiah 38:6 , elsewhere "Malchijah"; the American Standard Revised Version has "Malchijah" throughout.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Malchijah'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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