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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Saffron

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saf´run ( כּרכּם , karkōm ; κρόκος , krókos ): Identical with the Arabic kurḳum , the same as za‛farān , "saffron." The source of the true saffron is Crocus sativus (Natural Order, Indaceae ), a plant cultivated in Palestine; there are 8 wild varieties in all of which, as in the cultivated species, the orange-colored styles and stigmas yield the yellow dye, saffron. Song of Solomon 4:14 probably refers to the C. sativus . There is a kind of bastard saffron plant, the Carthamus tinctorius (Natural Order, Compositae ), of which the orange-colored flowers yield a dye like saffron.


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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Saffron'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/isb/s/saffron.html. 1915.

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