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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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tē´ma ( תּימא , tēmā' , "south country"; Θαιμάν , Thaimán ): The name of a son of Ishmael ( Genesis 25:15 ; 1 Chronicles 1:30 ), of the tribe descended from him (Jeremiah 25:23 ), and of the place where they dwelt (Job 6:19 ; Isaiah 21:14 ). This last was a locality in Arabia which probably corresponds to the modern Teimā' (or Taymā' (see Doughty, Arabia Deserta , I, 285)), an oasis which lies about 200 miles North of el -Medina , and some 40 miles South of Dūmat el -Jandal (Dumah), now known as el -Jauf . It is on the ancient caravan road connecting the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Aḳaba ; and doubtless the people took a share in the carrying trade (Job 6:19 ). The wells of the oasis still attract the wanderers from the parched wastes (Isaiah 21:14 ). Doughty (loc. cit.) describes the ruins of the old city wall, some 3 miles in circuit. An Aramaic stele recently discovered, belonging to the 6th century BC, shows the influence of Assyrian article The place is mentioned in the cuneiform inscriptions (Schrader, KAT2 , 149).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Tema'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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