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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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viz - i - tā´shun , vis - ( פּקדּה , peḳuddāh ; ἐπισκοπή , episkopḗ ): In Biblical writings, the divine investigation or inspection of men's character and deeds with a view to apportioning to them their due lot, whether of reward or of chastisement; divine dispensation of mercy or of punishment. (1) In a general sense: "Visited after the visitation of all men" ( Numbers 16:29 ), i.e. in natural death, the usual lot of men, as opposed to a calamitous death; "She shall have fruit in the visitation of souls" (The Wisdom of Solomon 3:13 the King James Version), i.e. in the time of divine judgment. So Sirach 18:20 and perhaps 1 Peter 2:12 . (2) In a good sense, of God's care, providence and mercy: "Thy visitation (the Revised Version margin "care") hath preserved my spirit" (Job 10:12 ). So Luke 19:44 , and, according to some, 1 Peter 2:12 (see above). (3) Most frequently in an evil sense, of calamity or distress viewed as divine punishment: "What will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which shall come from far?" ( Isaiah 10:3 ). So Jeremiah 8:12 ; Jeremiah 10:15 ; Jeremiah 11:23 ; Jeremiah 23:12 ; Jeremiah 46:21 ; Jeremiah 48:44 ; Jeremiah 50:27 ; Jeremiah 51:18 ; Hosea 9:7 ; Micah 7:4 ; The Wisdom of Solomon 14:11.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Visitation'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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