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Bible Encyclopedias

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature


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A´phek: the name signifies strength; hence a citadel or fortified town. There were at least three places so called, viz.:—

Aphek, 1

Aphek, a city in the tribe of Asher (Joshua 13:4; Joshua 19:30), called Aphik in Judges 1:31, where we also learn that the tribe was unable to gain possession of it. A village called Afka is still found in Lebanon, situated at the bottom of a valley, and may possibly mark the site of this Aphek.

Aphek, 2

Aphek, a town near which Benhadad was defeated by the Israelites (1 Kings 20:26. sq. which seems to correspond to the Aphaca of Eusebius, situated to the east of the Sea of Galilee, and which is mentioned by Burckhardt, Sectzen, and others under the name of Feik.

Aphek, 3

Aphek, a city in the tribe of Issachar, not far from Jezreel, where the Philistines twice encamped before battles with the Israelites (1 Samuel 4:1; 1 Samuel 29:1 comp. 28:4). Either this or the first Aphek, but most probably this, was the Aphek mentioned in Joshua 12:18, as a royal city of the Canaanites.





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Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Aphek'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature".

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