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Bible Encyclopedias

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature


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Armaged´don, properly 'the mountain of Megiddo,' a city on the west of the river Jordan, rebuilt by Solomon (1 Kings 9:15). Both Ahaziah and Josias died there. In the mystical language of prophecy, the word mountain  represents the Church, and the events which took place at Megiddo are supposed to have had a typical reference to the sorrows and triumphs of the people of God under the Gospel. 'In that day,' says Zechariah 12:11, 'shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon;' referring to the death of Josias. But the same spot witnessed, at an earlier period, the greatest triumph of Israel, when 'fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo' (Judges 5:19). 'He gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon,' is the language of the Apocalypse; and the word has been translated by some as 'the mountain of destruction,' by others as 'the mountain of the gospel;' many ingenious speculations having been employed on the passage in which it occurs, but with little satisfaction to the more sober readers of divine revelation.





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Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Armageddon'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature".

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