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Bible Encyclopedias

Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature


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Zipporis, or Sepphoris, was, about the beginning of the Christian era, a principal and strongly fortified city of Galilee, under latitude 32° 44′. It was surrounded by many villages, and situated near Mount Asamon in the center of Galilee, in a very strong and secure situation. It is also called Diocaesarea, Sepphoris, and Sephorum, and described as contiguous to Mount Carmel and Cana, six miles west of Nazareth, and twenty from Tiberias. Zipporis is celebrated in the works of Josephus as a military station, and in the Talmud on account of its famed Rabbinical academy. Rabbi Judah Hakkadosh, or the Saint, resided seventeen years in Zipporis, and he used frequently to say that Jacob sojourned in Egypt seventeen years, and Judah in Zipporis seventeen years. He resided also in Beth-shaarim, but died in Zipporis. Josephus mentions Sepphoris frequently as the greatest town of Galilee, and built in a well-fortified situation. It was one of the five cities in which the assemblies of the Synedrium were held. It was destroyed A.D. 339, in consequence of the rebellion of its citizens.





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Kitto, John, ed. Entry for 'Zipporis'. "Kitto's Popular Cyclopedia of Biblial Literature".

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