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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Adonikam

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[many Adon ikam] (Heb. Adonikam, אֲדַֹניקָם, probably, whom the Lord sets up; Sept. Αδωνικάμ ), one, whose retainers, to the number of 666, returned (B.C. 506) to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:13), besides himself (Nehemiah 7:18), and somewhat later (B.C. 459) his three immediate descendants, with 60 male followers (Ezra 8:13). In the Apocryphal text (1 Esdras 8:39) his name is once Anglicized Andonicam (Ἀδωνικάμ, comp. Ἀδωνικάν , 1 Esdras 5:14). He appears (from the identity of the associated names) to have been the ADONIJAH (See ADONIJAH) who joined in the religious covenant of Nehemiah (Nehemiah 10:16), B.C. 410. Adoni ram

(Heb. Adoniram, אֲדֹנַירָם , lord of height, i. c. high lord; Sept. Ἀδωνιράμ ), a person mentioned as receiver-general of the imposts [see TAX] in the reigns of David (1 Kings 5:6, where he is said to lave been the son of Abda; 2 Samuel 20:24, where he is called ADORAM, by contraction), Solomon (1 Kings 4:14), and Rehoboam (1 Kings 12:18, where he is called ADORAM; 2 Chronicles 10:18, where he is called HADORAM, q.v.), for an extended term (B.C. 1014-973), during which he had rendered himself, as well as the tribute itself, so odious to the people (comp. 1 Kings 12:4), in sustaining the immense public works of Solomon (q.v.), that, when Rehoboam rashly sent him to enforce the collection of the taxes, the exasperated populace rose upon him and stoned him to death, as a signal for the revolt under Jeroboam (1 Kings 12:18).


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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Adonikam'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tce/a/adonikam.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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