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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Hebrews Ba'al Miieon/,בִּעִל מְעוֹן , lord of dwelling; Sept. Βεελμεών, but in Chron. Βεελμαών v. r. Βεελμασσών, and in Ezekiel omits; otherwise BETH-MEON, Jeremiah 48:23, and BETH-BAALMEON, Joshua 13:17), a town in the tribe of Reuben beyond the Jordan, or at least one of the towns which were "built" by the Reubenites (Numbers 32:38), and to which they "gave other names." Possibly the "Beth-" (q.v.), which is added to the name in its mention elsewhere, and which sometimes superseded the "Baal-" (q.v.) of the original name, is one of the changes referred to. (See BAALIM).' It is also named in 1 Chronicles 5:8, and on each occasion with Nebo. In the time of Ezekiel it was in the possession of the Moabites, and under that prosperous dominion had evidently become a place of distinction, being noticed as one of the cities which are the glory of the country" (Ezekiel 25:9). In the days of Eusebius and Jerome (Onomast. s.v. Βεελμαούς, Balmen) it was still a very large village called Balmano, 9 miles distant from Heshbon (Ι᾿έβους, Esbus), near the "mountain of the hot springs," and reputed to be the native place of Elisha. At the distance of two miles south-east of Heshbon, Burckhardt (2. 624) found the ruins of a place called Myoun, or (as Dr. Robinson [Researches, 3, Append. p. 170] corrects it) Main, which is doubtless the same; so Schwarz, Main (Palest. p. 227). In Numbers 32:3, apparently the same place is called BEON, perhaps by an error of the copyists or by contraction.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Baal-Meon'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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