corner graphic

Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


Resource Toolbox
Additional Links


(prop. שִׁעִר, shalar, πὑλη ; which are also used [espec. the Heb. word] for DOOR (See DOOR) [q.v.], although this latter is more properly designated by פֶּתִח, pe'thach, an opening, of which דֶּלֶת, de'leth, was the valve, Gr. θύρα; there also occur סִ, saph, 1 Chronicles 9:19; 1 Chronicles 9:21, a vestibule or "threshold," as usually elsewhere rendered; and the Chald. תּרִע, tera' an entrance, only in Ezra and Dan.), the entrance to inclosed grounds, buildings, dwelling-houses, towns, etc. (see Thomson, Land and Book, 1:29 sq.). Thus we find mentioned. Gates of Cities, as of Jerusalem, its sheep-gate, fishgate, etc. (Jeremiah 37:13; Nehemiah 1:3; Nehemiah 2:3; Nehemiah 5:3); of Sodom (Genesis 19:1); of Gaza (Judges 16:3).

2. Gates of royal palaces (Nehemiah 3:8).

3. Gates of the Temple. The temple of Ezekiel had two gates, one towards the north, the other towards the east; the latter closed (Ezekiel 44:1-2), the other must have been open. The gates of Solomon's Temple were very massive and costly, being overlaid with gold and carvings (1 Kings 6:34-35; 2 Kings 18:16). Those of the Holy Place were of olive-wood, two-leaved. and overlaid with gold; those of the Temple of fir (1 Kings 6:31-32; 1 Kings 6:34; Ezekiel 41:23-24). Of the gates of the outer courts of Heroid's temple, nine were covered with gold and silver, as.well as the posts and lintels; but the middle one, the Beautifil Gate (Acts 3:2), was made entirely of Corinthian brass, and was considered to surpass the others far in costliness (Joseph. War, 5:5, 3). This gate, which was so heavy as to require twenty men to close it, was unexpectedly found open on one occasion shortly before the close of the siege (Joseph. War, 6:5,3; Revelation 2:9).

4. Gates of tombs (Matthew 27:60).

5. Gates of prisons. In Acts 12:10, mention is made of the iron gate of Peter's prison (Acts 16:27). Prudentius (Peristephanon, 5:346) speaks of gate-keepers of prisons.

6. Gates of caverns (1 Kings 19:13).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Gate'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

Search for…
Enter query in the box:
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

Prev Entry
Gatch Philip,
Next Entry
Gate of Benjamin
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology