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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(דֹתֶם, ro'them, prob. so called from its use in binding; Sept. in 1 Kings 19:4, ῾Ράθαμ v.r. ῾Ραθμέν ; in 1 Kings 19:5, φυτόν; in Job 30:4, ξύλον ; in Psalms 120:4, ἐρημικός ; Vulg. juniperus. but in Psalms 120:4, desolatorius), a shrub or tree mentioned as affording shade to Elijah in his flight to Horeb (1 Kings 19:4-5), and as affording material for fuel, and also, in extreme cases, for human food (Psalms 120:4; Job 30:4). The older translators seem to have been unacquainted with it, while the modern versions have generally followed the Vulgate in referring it to the juniper (see Stengel in the Biblioth. Brem. 7, fasc. 5; Hiller, Hierophyt. 1, 253; Sprengel, Gesch. d. Botan. 1, 25), which, however, seems to be indicated by a different Hebrew word. (See HEATH).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Juniper'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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