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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Lazarus (2)

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a noted French prelate, flourished in the first half of the 5th century. It is supposed that he was raised to the archbishopric of Aix in 408, and resigned in 411, at the death of Constantine. In 415 he distinguished himself among the most zealous adversaries of Pelagius, and of his disciple Coelestius, for we find that the Council of Diospolis, in the meeting of Dec. 20,415, condemned the errors attributed to Pelagius, and denounced by Lazarus, then archbishop of Aix, and by Heros, bishop of Aries. Pelagius having succeeded in persuading the Eastern bishops that he did not hold the condemned doctrines, Lazarus and Heros addressed further memorials against him to the bishops of Africa, who were on the eve of holding the Council of Carthage. Here Pelagius and Nestorius were finally condemned. The letters of pope Zosimus, who favored Pelagius, are full of bitterness against Lazarus. See Augustine, Epistolae, passim, et Gesta Pelagii; Marinu Mercator, Commonitorium; Zosimi Epistolae, a J. Sirmondo editae; Gallia Christ. vol. 1, col. 299; Hist. Lit. de la France, 2:147; Hoefer, Nouv. Biog. Generale, 29:43. (J. N. P.)

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Lazarus (2)'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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