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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Ono', אוֹנוֹ [Nehemiah 7:37, אֹנוֹ ], strong; Sept. ᾿Ωνώ, .but ᾿Ωνών in Nehemiah 7:37, v. r. ᾿Ωνάν; and Αἰλάμ .r. r. Ἀδάμ in Chron.), the name of a city of the tribe of Dan; and perhaps originally that of its founder. It does not appear in the catalogues of the book of Joshua, but is first found in 1 Chronicles 8:12, where Shamed or Shamer is said to have built Ono and Lod with their "daughter villages." It was therefore probe ably annexed by the Benjamites subsequently to their original settlement, like Aijalon, which was allotted to Dan, but is found afterwards, in the hands of the Benjamites (1 Chronicles 8:13). The tradition of the Talmudists is that it was left intact by Joshua, but burned during the war of Gibeah (Judges 20:48), and that 1 Chronicles 8:12 describes its restoration. (See Targum on this latter passage.) The men of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, to the number of 725 (or Nehemiah 721), returned from the captivity with Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:33; Nehemiah 7:37; see also 1 Esdras 5:22). A valley ( בַּקְעָה ) was attached to the town, and bore its name, "the plain of Ono" (Nehemiah 6:2), perhaps identical with the "valley of craftsmen" (Nehemiah 11:56); and in any case a part or extension of the vale of Sharon. By Eusebius and Jerome Ono is not named. The rabbins frequently mention it, but without any indication of its position further than that it was three miles from Lod. (See the citations from the Talmud in Lightfoot [Chor. Decad on S. Mark, ch. ix, § 3] and Schwarz [Palest. p. 135]). A village called Kef- Ana is enumerated by Robinson among the places in the districts of Ramleh and Lydd (Bib. Res. iii, - 1st ed. App. 120, 121). This village, almost due north of Ludd, is suggested bs Vain de Velde (Memoir. p. 337) as identical with Ono. Against the identification are the difference in the names the modern one containing the letter Ain-. and the distance from Lydda, which, instead of being three milliaria, is fully five, being more than four English miles, according to Van de Velde's map. These difficulties, however, do not seem insuperable objections. Winer remarks that Beit Unia is more suitable as far as its orthography is concerned; but on the other hand it is much too far distant from Ludd to meet the requirements of the passages quoted above.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Ono'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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