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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Gr. Δίκη ), the heathen goddess of retribution (Lat. Justitia), described as the daughter of Zeus (Hesiod, Op. 266) and Themis (Theog. 902) and the coadjutor (πάρεδρος ) of the former (Sophoc. (Ed. Col. 1384; Arrian, Alex. 4:9; see Montfaucon, Antiq. I, 2, 8). The punishment of murderers is particularly ascribed to her; and, therefore, besides being the goddess of punishment in a general sense, she is often to be considered the same as Nemesis or Vengeance (Eurip. Med. 1390; Dion Halic. 11:37; see Mitscherlich, ad Horace, Od. 3, 2, 32; Palaiset, Observ. p. 347). The word occurs in Acts 28:4, but its significance is there disguised in the A.V., which renders it "justice." (See REVENGE).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Vengeance'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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