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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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King of Jerusalem at the time of the Hebrew invasion of Palestine (Joshua 10:1,3 ). He led a coalition of five of the neighboring Amorite cities to resist the invasion, but the allies were defeated at Gibeon, and suffered at Beth-horon, not only from their pursuers, but also from a great hail-storm. The five allied kings took refuge in a cave at Makkedah and were imprisoned there until after the battle, when Joshua commanded that they be brought before him whereupon they were brought out, humiliated, and put to death. The name Adoni-zedek seems to be corrupted into Adoni-bezek in Judges 1:5-7 .

Bibliography : G. F. Moore, Judges , in International Critical Commentary , p. 16.D. G. L.

—In Rabbinical Literature:
According to the Midrash, the name Adoni-zedek means "Master of Zedek"— that is, "of Jerusalem," the city of righteousness (ẓ edeḳ Gen. R. 43:6 ).L. G.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Adoni-Zedek'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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