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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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A fortified town on the river Adour, in southern France. There is no certainty that a Jewish community ever existed here but about the middle of the thirteenth century a Hebrew poet composed a eulogy on his native town which, from its Hebrew spelling (), would seem to have been Aire. This poet was Isaac ben Abraham ha-Gorni . The appellation Ha-Gorni ("he of the threshing-floor") is derived from the modern name of Aire, which signifies a barn or threshing-floor and by a play on words, the poet applies this name to his native place. He mentions several of his fellowtowns men: one Samuel, whom he describes as "prophet," and Aaron, a learned Talmudist, besides a number of private individuals.

Bibliography : Monatsschrift , 1878, p. 476 1879, p. 17 1882, pp. 510-523 Jedaiah Bedersi, Ḥ otam Taknit , ed. Steinschneider, introd. p. 2 Gross, Gallia Judaica , p. 49 Steinschneider, Cat. Munich , Nos. 128 et seq. M. S.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Aire'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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