corner graphic

Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Anonymous Works

Resource Toolbox

Hebrew anonymous literature is coeval with the literature of the nation. The Bible mentions two anonymous historical works: "Milḥ amot Adonai" (Numbers 21:14 ) and "Sefer ha-Yashar" (Joshua 10:13 ). The Hebrew writer of antiquity generally did not consider his work as his own property, but as the property of the whole nation whose ideas or traditions he noted. Assumption of authorship began after the Talmudical epoch and then an author who deliberately omitted to put his name to his work had a motive for the omission.

Hebrew Anonymous Works, as to the reasons for their anonymity, may be divided into the following three classes: (1) Collectaneous works, such as the Midrashim, to which the editor, being a mere compiler, did not deem himself of sufficient importance to attach his name (2) ancient works the authors of which, either because of modesty (see preface of "Sefer ha-Ḥ innuk") or, what is more frequently the case, because of the negligence of a copyist, are not given (3) modern works not signed simply because their authors express ideas or criticisms they are unwilling to father.

The following is an approximate alphabetical list of all the printed anonymous Hebrew works known up to 1875:

See 1
Funeral elegy on the emperor Leopold II., in Judæ o-German. Prague, 1705. 3
Funeral elegy on Francis I. Triest, 1805. 4
Letter-writer. Augsburg, 1534. 8
Letter of the scholars and rabbis of Palestine concerning the pretended Bene Moshe. Amsterdam, 1731. 9
Genealogy of various rabbis. Venice, 1626. 10
Homilies on Esther. Prague, 1612. 11
Geography of Palestine. Amsterdam, 1742. 12
Letter of consolation to persecuted Jews. Bremen, 1803. 13
Narrative, in Judæ o-German (Eulenspiegel). Frankfort-on-the-Main, xviii. 14
Ukase of the Russian emperor addressed to the minister of education, concerning Jewish schools. Rome, 1844. 15
Ordinances enacted by the heads of the Jewish community of Amsterdam. 1708. 16
Ethics. Zolkiev, 1801. 17
"Light and Joy for the Jews," poem in Hebrew and in Dutch. Amsterdam, 1768. 18
Laws concerning ritual benedictions, in Judæ o- German. Basel, 1602. 19
A treatise on geomancy. Dyhernfurth, 1728. 20
Annual report of Jerusalem. Amsterdam, 1841. 21
The ten precursory signs of the coming of the Messiah. 1519. 22
The signs of the wars of Messiah. XVI. century. 23
Ethics. Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1680. 24
Comedy, in Judæ o-German. Frankfort-on- the-Main, 1708. 25
Funeral elegy. Wilna, without date. 26
Masoretic work. 1864. 27
Letter of some rabbis against the new synagogue at Hamburg. Altona, 1819. 28
Statutes of the Ḥ ebra Ḳ addisha of Mantua. 29
On the punctuation of Scripture. Amsterdam, 1840. 30
Religious controversies. Isny, 1542. 31
Novellæ on the Talmud. Brü nn, 1763. 32
Ritual laws. Neuwied, 1752. 32a
Account of a voyage, in Judæ o-German. Wilna, 1818. 33
Letters from rabbis on the controversy between Jacob von Emden and Eibenschü tz. Altona, 1753. 34
An adventure of the gaon Isaac Tirno. Kö nigsberg, 1857. 35
Purim comedy. Prague, 1720. 36
Comedy, in Judæ o-German, on the battle of David with Goliath. Hanau, 1711-26. 37
Ethics. Isny, 1542. 38
History of the patriarch Abraham. London, 1846. 39
Satirical dialogue about the treatment of the Jews in Germany and Poland. Prague, XVIII. century. 1
Ethics. 2
Sermons. Salonica, 1546. 3
Poems, scientific articles, and letters collected by the Toelet society of Amsterdam. 1820. 4
Prayer the words of which begin with the letter Lamed. Hamburg, 1830. 5
Poem on Genesis, in Judæ o-German. Constantinople, XVII. century. 7
A letter from Jerusalem imploring relief. Constantinople, XVII. century. 7
(For all Baraitot, see .) 8
Laws, in Judæ o-German, concerning the salting of meat. 1699. 9
Program of the festivities ordered in Prague on the occasion of the birthday of Archduke Leopold. Prague, 1716. 10
Pedagogics, in Judæ o-German. London, 1870. 1
Legends about Solomon, in Judæ o- German. Lemberg, 1850 ? 2
The ascent of Moses. Salonica, 1727. 3
Geomancy. ? Amsterdam, 1713. 4
On the expulsion of the Jews from Austria. Cracow, 1609. 5
On the massacres of Chmielnicki. Wilna, 1854. 6
A narrative, in Judæ o-German. Offenbach, 1721. 7
Commentary on the Pentateuch. Metz, 1849. 1
The life of Moses. Constantinople, 1516. 2
On Hebrew pronunciation. Amsterdam, 1795. 3
Ethics. Warsaw, 1849. 4
On penitence. Constantinople, 1519. 5
Hebrew-German-Italian vocabulary. Cracow, 1590. 6
Weekly paper. Amsterdam, 1797-98. 7
Commentary on Rashi. Leghorn, 1783. 8
The grammar of Rashi. Riva, 1560. 9
Statutes of a relief society of Altona. Altona, 1808. 10
A sermon by Jesus of Nazareth on happiness. ? Halle, 1704. 11
Midrash on Esther. Leipsic, 1856. 1
History of the knight Sigmund. Fü Ruth 1791 . 2
Novel, in Judæ o-German. Metz, 1821. 3
Novel, in Judæ o-German. 4
On the regulation of synagogal contributions. Venice, 1709. 5
Decisions of the Geonim. Constantinople, 1516. 6
On the examination of the lungs of slaughtered animals. Ferrara, 1552. 7
On the slaughtering of cattle. Venice, 1509. 8
Index of Biblical passages quoted by the Midrashim. Constantinople, 1644. 9
On a divorce case. Venice, 1566. 10
(See ) 11
Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Anonymous Works'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

Search for…
Enter query in the box:
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology