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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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A city in the Shephelah, or plain of Judah about midway between Jerusalem and the Philistine boundary, in a southwestern direction probably not far from Socoh or Shochoh (1Samuel 17: Shuweikah— with which it is coupled ( Joshua 15:35 ). Its exact site has not been ascertained. Eusebius relates that a village, Ezekah, was to be found between Eluethe-ropolis and Elia.

Azekah existed before the conquest of Canaan by the Israelites. Joshua, having defeated the five kings at Gibeon, followed them up to Azekah (Joshua 10:10,11 ). The Philistine army lay between Shochoh and Azekah, when David fought Goliath (1Samuel 17:1 ). Rehoboam fortified it (2Chronicles 11:9 ), and four centuries later, in the reign of Zedekiah, the Jews opposed Nebuchadnezzar's forces at Azekah (Jeremiah 34:7 ). After the return from the Exile it was resettled by the tribesmen of Judah (Nehemiah 11:30 ).

Bibliography : Buhl, Geographie des Alten Palä stina , pp. 90,92 Mittheilungen und Nachrichten des Deutschen Palä stinavereins , p. 26,1896.J. Jr. M. B.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Azekah'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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