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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Bach, Karl Daniel Friedrich

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German painter born at Potsdam May, 1756 died at Breslau April 8,1829 (according to some sources in 1826). As his father was a merchant and an elder (Landesä ltester ) of the Brandenburg Jewry, Karl was enabled to obtain from the Potsdam painter, A. B. Krü ger, his first instruction in the art of painting later, through the influence of Colonel Guichard ("Quintus Icilius"), he succeeded in entering the Berlin Academy of Arts, and became intimately connected with Lesueur, Chodowiecki, and Frish. At Bach's instance life studies were introduced at the Academy. Bach soon distinguished himself by skilfully executed copies of old works, and upon arriving at Warsaw with Count Ossolinski in 1780, achieved considerable success. Later he accompanied Count John Potocki on his travels copied paintings in Dü sseldorf and was made member of the local academy, Dec. 15,1785. Thence he went to Paris, and afterward to Italy, where he remained for four years (1786-1792), studying at the expense of his patron, Potocki, at first in Rome— where he applied himself chiefly to the productions of Raphael and Michelangelo— and subsequently in Portici, where the antiquities of Herculaneum held his attention. Elected member of the Academy of Florence on Dec. 9,1788, he visited Venice, Vienna, and Berlin, at which latter place he exhibited his productions— copies, for the most part, of works of Italian masters. In 1792Bach was appointed a director and professor of the Breslau Art Academy and on June 23,1794, he became member of the Academy of Berlin. Two years later, in conjunction with C. F. Benkendorf, he started a journal called "Torso," devoted to "ancient and modern art" but after a short time its publication was discontinued.

Bach has published: "Umrisse der Besten Kö pfe und Parthien nach Rafael's Gemä lden im Vatican" and "Anweisung Schö ne Formen nach Einer Einfachen Regel zu' Bilden, fü r Kü nstler, Handwerker, und Freunde des Schö nen"— each of which is a treatise on art conceived in accordance with somewhat old-fashioned academic traditions. Bach made use of the etching-needle and in his paintings he chose historical subjects, portraits, animals, and many allegorical themes, all conceived in the spirit of the epoch. Though not a very important figure in the world of art, he rendered great service to the cause of art in Germany by his helpful stimulation of fellow-artists, and by encouraging and promoting instruction in drawing, handicraft, etc. Bach died a Christian proselyte.

Bibliography : J. F. A. De Le Roi, Gesch. der Evangelischen Judenmission , 1:56, Leipsic, 1899 Julius Meyer, Allg. Kü nstler-Lexikon , ii., Leipsic, 1878 Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie , 1:1875 Michael Bryan, Dictionary of Painters and Engravers , i., London, 1886.S. B. B.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Bach, Karl Daniel Friedrich'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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