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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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A comprehensive term in the A. V. for various Hebrew words. The most adequate Hebrew expression for a large bag is "ḥ ariṭ " (compare Arabic), which can contain a talent of silver, as in 2Kings 5:23 . The same word occurs in the list of woman's apparel and ornaments, given in Isaiah 3:22 , and is usually understood as a satchel (thus R. V. "crisping pins," A. V.). In Genesis 42:25 the general term for a vessel ("keli") to carry grain is freely translated "bag," being used interchangeably with "sack." In 1Samuel 9:7 , 21:6 , the same word— A. V. "vessels"— denotes the receptacles for carrying food, which need not necessarily have been bags. In 1Samuel 17:40,49 , it stands for the same word ("vessel," A. V., margin) in "the shepherd's bag." The Hebrew text seems to mean rather "a shepherd's outfit" in a much more general sense (compare Zechariah 11:15 , "the instruments of a foolish shepherd").

There is, furthermore, the small bag ("kis"), containing the weights of the merchant (Deuteronomy 25:13 Proverbs 16:11 Micah 6:11 ) carried in the girdle and perhaps another containing his money (Isaiah 46:6 rendered "purse," Proverbs 1:14 ). Another word for the small money-bag is "ẓ eror" (Proverbs 7:20 Haggai 1:6 "bundle," Gen. xlii 35 ISam. 25,29 compare the denominative verb "to put up or to bind in bags," 2Kings 12:10 [Hebr. 11], see margin). The word is used in a more general sense, perhaps, in Job 14:17 . In Song of Song of Song of Song of Solomon 1:13 the "bundle of myrrh" seems to mean a little perfume-bag hung around the neck of a woman.

J. Jr. W. M. M.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Bag'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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