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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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Town in the territory of Issachar, allotted to Manasseh (Joshua 17:11 ). It is identified with the modern Endur, on the northern decline of little Mt. Hermon (Nabi Daḥ i), a hamlet now abandoned, but which had in Roman days a large population. Cheyne, following Graetz, reads "' En Ḥ arod" (see Judges 7:1 Budde, "Richter und Samuel," p. 112).

According to the Hebrew text, the author of Psalm 83 considers Endor to have formed part of the plain of Kishon and, as such, of the battle-field of Megiddo. In 1Samuel 29:1 the Septuagint (Manuscript A) reads Α ε ν δ ὼ ρ , which is "Endor," not, as Cheyne and Klostermann propose, "' En Ḥ arod." If the second half of 1Samuel 29:1 is not to be considered as a later addition (Budde, "Die Bü cher Samuel" [1902], in Marti's "Kurzer Hand-Commentar zum Alten Testament"), Endor was the place of Saul's encampment, as well as the residence of the witch whom he consulted before the battle of Gilboa ( 1Samuel 28:7 ).

E. G. H. E. I. N.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Endor'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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