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The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Faraj Ben Salim

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Charles of Anjou Presenting Arabic Manuscript to Faraj for Translation.
(From an illumination by Friar Giovanni in the Bibliothè que Nationale, Paris.)

Italian physician and translator flourished in the second half of the thirteenth century. He was engaged by King Charles of Anjou as translator of medical works from Arabic into Latin. In this capacity he rendered a great service to medicine by making a Latin translation of Razi's medical encyclopedia, "Al-Ḥ awi" (published 1486, under the title "Continens," with a glossary by the translator). The translation is followed, between the same covers, by "De Ex-positionibus Vocabulorum seu Synonimorum Simplicis Medicinæ ," which Steinschneider supposes to form a part of the "Continens." As a token of his esteem for the translator, Charles of Anjou ordered that on the original copy of the manuscript of the "Continens" (MS. Bibliothè que Nationale, Paris, No. 6912) the portrait of Faraj should be drawn beside his own by Friar Giovanni of Monte Cassino, the greatest illuminator of his time.

Faraj also translated "De Medicinis Expertis," attributed to Galen and included in his works published by Juntas and Chartres (x:561-570), and "Tacuini Æ gritudinum" (Arabic, "Taḳ wim al-Abdan"), by Ali ibn Jazla, published at Strasburg, 1532. Steinschneider believes that to Faraj should also be ascribed the Latin translation of Masawaih's treatise on surgery (MS. Bibliothè que Nationale, Paris, No. 7131), said to have been made by a certain "Ferrarius."

Bibliography : Wü stenfeld, Die Uebersetzungen Arabischer Werke in das Lateinische , p. 107 Steinschneider, in Virchow's Archiv , 39:296 idem, Cat. Bodl. Colossians 979 idem, Hebr. Bibl. 20:136 idem, Hebr. Uebers. p. 974. G. I. Br.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Faraj Ben Salim'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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