corner graphic

Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


Resource Toolbox
Additional Links

Persons who supply intelligence or secret information Stuart English for "spies." A number of crypto-Jews in London supplied Cromwell with "intelligence" in connection with foreign and colonial affairs. In 1655, during the discussion of Manasseh ben Israel's plea for the readmission of the Jews, a writer to the "Mercurius Politicus" living in Amsterdam suggested that the government could make good use of the Jews for obtaining political information, and that for this reason they should be propitiated. The suggestion was seized upon by Thurloe, the secretary of state, and by Dr. Dorislaus, a secret agent of the foreign office. This is seen from a remark in Gilbert Burnet's "History of His Own Times." and in the Parliamentary Diary of Thomas Burton (1658), who speaks of the Protector's having used the Jews," those able and general intelligencers" (see Carvajal ).

Chief among these intelligencers were agents of Antonio Fernandez Carvajal, fourteen of whose despatches (now in the Clarendon Collection) are supposed by Wolf to have been obtained for Thur loe. They are said to have enabled Cromwell "to take measures for the defeat of the projected invasion of England concerted at Brussels early in 1656 between Charles II. and the Spanish government." Of a similar kind were the services of Manuel Martinez Dormido (i.e. , David Abravanel), who submitted to Thurloe extracts of letters from his Marano correspondents in Amsterdam. These services are supposed to have been rewarded by Cromwell in 1656 by his giving permission for the resettlement of Jews in England.

Bibliography : Lucien Wolf, Cromwell's Jewish Intelligencers , in Jewish Chronicle , May 15, 1891 et seq. reprinted in pamphlet form, London, 1891 idem, American Elements in the Re-Settlement , Documents vi.-ix. in Transactions Jew. Hist. Soc. Eng. 1899, pp. 95 et seq. idem, Menasseh ben Israel's Mission to Oliver Cromwell , pp. xxxvi., lii., London 1901 Max J. Kohler, Manasseh ben Israel and Some Unpublished Pages of American History , p. 9, New York, 1901.J. G.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Intelligencers'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

Search for…
Enter query in the box:
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology