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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Isaac b. Reuben Albargeloni (Albarceloni)

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Spanish Talmudist and liturgical poet born at Barcelona in 1043. He was a judge in the important community of Denia, where he became connected, probably as son-in-law, with ibn Alḥ atosh. Among his later descendants was Moses b. Naḥ man (Naḥ manides) Judah Albargeloni is said to have been Isaac's pupil. He was one of five prominent contemporaneous scholars of the name of "Isaac," and the regard in which he was held by his own and succeeding generations is indicated by the fact that he is simply designated "Ha-Rab Albargeloni." He wrote commentaries on various sections of the treatise Ketubot, and at the age of thirty-five (1078) translated, from the Arabic into Hebrew, Hai Gaon's "Ha-Miḳ ḳ aḥ weha-Mimkar," on buying and selling (Venice, 1602, and frequently afterward with commentaries). Noteworthy among his liturgical poems are his Azharot , included in the rituals of Constantine, Tlemç en, Tunis, Morocco, Algeria, and Oran (see Jew. Encyc. 2:371).

Of the 145 strophes in the poem each consists of three verses, ending with a Biblical quotation. Isaac's use of Biblical verses indicates great skill. Al-Ḥ arizi remarked: "He has put the religious laws into rime, and has fitted them so well to Biblical passages that it almost seems as if the work had been inspired by a higher power." Isaac copies faithfully the division of the laws and interdictions of the "Halakot Gedolot" at times even following its wording, while he also takes into account the regulations of traditional literature referring to Biblical prescriptions. The following poems of Isaac are also included in the "Azharot": "' Alah Mosheh le-Rosh Har Sinai" (introduction) "Yom Zeh Horid" (pizmon preceding the commands) "Yaḥ id Nora ' Alilah" (pizmon between the commands and interdictions). Isaac also wrote: "Paḥ adti mi-Yoẓ eri" and "Yom Zeh Mekapper le-Shabim," both in three-line strophes, the latter with signature and alphabet. Rapoport further assigns to Isaac "Ayumati Yonah," "ahabah" for the Sabbath before the Feast of Weeks and "Yaḳ ush be-' Onyo," "ge' ullah" for the fifth Sabbath after Pesaḥ but other scholars do not agree with Rapoport on this point.

Bibliography : Rapoport's biography of Hai Gaon in Bikkure ha-' Ittim , 1829, 10:91 Delitzsch, Zur Gesch. der Jü dischen Poesie , pp. 46, 168 Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. cols. 1149 et seq. idem, Hebr. Uebers. p. 910 Michael, Or ha-Ḥ ayyim , p. 510 Geiger, Jü dische Dichtungen , pp. 9 et seq. (Hebr. part, pp. 4 et seq. ) Landshuth, ' Ammude ha-' Abodah , p. 126 Zunz, Literaturgesch. pp. 201, 673 Grä tz, Gesch. 3d ed., 6:62 et seq. Weiss, Dor , 4:281 Halberstam, introduction to Judah Albargeloni's commentary on the Sefer Yeẓ irah , pp. xvii.-xviii. comp. Oẓ ar Neḥ mad , 2:188 et seq. G. H. B.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Isaac b. Reuben Albargeloni (Albarceloni)'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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