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The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Isaac Ben Eleazar ha-Levi

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German Talmudist and liturgical poet flourished at Worms died, according to Abraham Zacuto ("Yuḥ asin ha-Shalem," p. 217), in 1070. Zunz says ("Literaturgesch." p. 155) that he died between 1070,1096. He was a pupil of R. Gershom "Me' or ha-Golah" and one of the teachers of Rashi the latter mentions him often in his commentary on the Talmud (e.g. , to Yoma 39a Suk. 35b Meg. 26a), and twice in his commentary on the Bible (to 1Samuel 1:24 and Proverbs 19:24 ). Conforte ("Ḳ ore ha-Dorot," p. 8a) confounds Isaac b. Eleazar ha-Levi with another teacher of Rashi, Isaac b. Judah, while Abraham Zacuto (l.c. ) calls him "Isaac b. Asher ha-Levi." He was one of the "scholars of Lorraine" ("Ha-Pardes," p. 35a "Asufot," p. 150a, Halberstarm MSS.) Isaac b. Moses relates ("Or Zarua' ," 2:75b) that Meï r of Ramerupt sent a responsum, signed by his father-in-law and teacher Rashi, to Isaac ha-Levi of Lorraine. The occurrence of "Vitry" as the birthplace of Isaac ha-Levi in Asheri to Ḥ ul. iv. is, according to Gross ("Gallia Judaica," p. 197), a mistake for "Lotar" (Lorraine). It is stated in the Maḥ zor Vitry (quoted by Zunz, "Literaturgesch." p. 626) that Jacob b. Yaḳ ar, Isaac ha-Levi, and Isaac b. Judah, all three teachers of Rashi, directed the yeshibah of Paris.

Isaac ha-Levi had four sons, all great Talmudic scholars: Asher, the father of the tosafist Isaac b. Asher ("Ha-Pardes," p. 19a) Eliezer Jacob, known under the name of "Ya' beẓ " (Mordecai to Meg. 3) and Samuel ("Ha-Pardes," pp. 16b, 18b, 45c). He was the author of four wedding piyyuṭ im: "Yoẓ er," in a double alphabet and signed "Isaac ben R. Eleazar Ḥ azaḳ " "Ofan," alphabetically arranged "Zulat," in tashraḳ order "Reshut," in four parts, the first riming in , and the other three in , the whole giving the acrostic "Isaac ben R. Eleazar ha-Levi."

Bibliography : Conforte, Ḳ ore ha-Dorot , pp. 8a, 17a: Abraham Zacuto, Yuḥ asin , p. 217, London, 1857 Azulai, Shem ha-Gedolim , i. Michael, Or ha-Ḥ ayyim , No. 507 Zunz, Literaturgesch , pp. 155-157,626 idem, Z. G. pp. 63,192, 326,404, 566,567 Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael , pp. 627-628 Weiss, Dor , 4:317-320.G. M. Sel.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Isaac Ben Eleazar ha-Levi'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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