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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Isaac Ben Judah ha-Levi

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French exegete and tosafist lived at Sens, probably, in the second half of the thirteenth century. He was the pupil of Ḥ ayyim of Falaise, whom Gross identifies with Ḥ ayyim Paltiel. Isaac compiled, under the title "Pa' aneaḥ Raza," a commentary on the Pentateuch, in which literal interpretations ("peshaṭ ") are frequently intermingled with "noṭ ariḳ on" and "gemaṭ riot." The authorities quoted by Isaac are Joseph Ḳ ara, Joseph Bekor Shor, Judah he-Ḥ asid, Eleazar of Worms, Ḥ ayyim of Falaise, and many other tosafists. The "Pa' aneaḥ Raza" was first published at Prague in 1607, from an incomplete manuscript, by Isaac Cohen, the son-in-law of Jacob Mö lin. Complete copies of the work, with a postscript, and a poem containing the name of the compiler in acrostic, are extant in manuscript in the Bodleian and other European libraries. Isaac wrote tosafot to the Talmud, and is called "Ba' al Tosafot mi-Shanẓ " (="The Tosafist of Sens").

Bibliography : Zunz, Z. G. p. 92 Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. Colossians 1127 Neubauer, in Ha-Maggid , 1870, Nos. 28, 29 Renan-Neubauer, Les Rabbins Franç ais , p. 437 Gross, Gallia Judaica , p. 481.S. I. Br.

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Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Isaac Ben Judah ha-Levi'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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