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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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Father of David, son of Obed, and grandson of Boaz and Ruth. He is called "the Bethlehemite" (1Samuel 16:1,18 17:58 ) and "the Ephrathite of Bethlehem" (ib. 17:12). He had eight sons ( ib. 16:10,11 17:12), although in 1Chronicles 2:13-15 only seven are mentioned. He was a person of wealth, his property being chiefly in sheep ( 1Samuel 16:1,11 17:20 comp. Psalm 78: name stands out preeminently as that of the father of David, who is called "the son of Jesse" and though this expression was used during David's lifetime and even afterward as a term of contempt— so by Saul ( 1Samuel 20:27,30 , 31 22:7,8), by Doeg (ib. 22:9), by Nabal ( ib. 25:10), by Sheba ( 2Samuel 20:1 ), and by the Ten Tribes (IKings 12:16 2Chronicles 10: the prophet connects with the "stem of Jesse" ( Isaiah 11:1 ) and "root of Jesse" (ib. 11:10) one of his sublimest Messianic prophecies. As Jesse was "an old man in the days of Saul" ( 1Samuel 17:12 ), it is doubtful whether he lived to see his son king. The last historical mention of Jesse is in 1Samuel 22:3 , where it is stated that David entrusted his father and his mother to the care of the King of Moab but, as may be inferred from ib. 32:4, this was only temporary.

E. G. H. B. P.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Jesse'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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