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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Menahem b. Moses Tamar

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Poet and commentator probably a pupil of Mordecai Comtino of Constantinople flourished in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries at Adrianople or Philippopolis. He wrote commentaries to the books of Proverbs, Ruth, and Esther, a supercommentary to Abraham ibn Ezra's commentary to the Pentateuch, and a Hebrew grammar entitled "Rashe Besamim." He furnished a noteworthy contribution to Hebrew poetry in his "Azharot" (comp. Jew. Encyc. 2:370-371), to which he wrote a commentary entitled "Tanḥ umot El." He composed also other liturgical poems, including an imitation of Judah ha-Levi's "Zioniad," and a hymn for the commencement of Purim. It has not been proved— although the attempt has been made— that he is identical with Menahem b. Moses, the author of some liturgical poems, found in the Roman Maḥ zor, in the Maḥ zor of Avignon, and in a manuscript of Abraham Bedersi's "Diwan," now in the British Museum.

Bibliography : Steinschneider, Cat. Leyden , pp. 120 et seq. (comp. Zunz in Zeit. fü r. Hebr. Bibl. 9:133) and pp. 139 et seq. idem, Hebr. Uebers. p. 593 Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 526 Landshuth, ' Ammude ha-' Abodah , pp. 194 et seq. Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael , p. 236 Luzzatto, Naḥ lat , pp. 21, 51.D. H. B.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Menahem b. Moses Tamar'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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