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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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A family taking its name from Toledo, the city in which it originated, and including printers, Talmudic scholars, rabbis, and diplomats in Turkey, Africa, Holland, and England, being still represented in Salonica, Jerusalem, Tiberias, and elsewhere. Its most important members are as follows:

Author of religious lectures which appeared at Salonica in 1795 under the title "Dibre Ḥ efeẓ ."

Bibliography : Conforte, Ḳ ore ha-Dorot , p. 46a Zedner, Cat. Hebr. Books Brit. Mus. p. 759.

Rabbi in Salonica about 1640 a contemporary of Shabbethai Jonah, with whom he corresponded.

Author of "Coplas de Joseph ha-Ẓ addiḳ . This work was written in Judæ o-Spanish and published at Constantinople in 1732.

Born at Miquenes a friend of R. Jacob Sasportas. He was thoroughly versed in the Talmud, possessed a considerable knowledge of statesmanship, and acted as councilor to Sultan Muley Ismail.

Bibliography : Grä tz, Gesch. 10:259.

A scholar who went from Toledo to Lisbon, where he established a printing-house from which he issued the following works between 1489,1492: an edition of the Pentateuch with the commentary of Naḥ manides, David Abudarham's work on the ritual, Isaiah and Jeremiah with the commentary of Ḳ imḥ i, Proverbs with the commentary "Ḳ ab we-Naḳ i," and the "Halikot ' Olam," but neither the "Ṭ ur Oraḥ Ḥ ayyim" nor any treatise on the Talmud was issued from his press, despite statements to the contrary. Don Judah Gedaliah (not Yaḥ ya), who was employed in Eliezer Toledano's printing-office, later established a press at Salonica (not Constantinople) with type brought from Lisbon.

Bibliography : Ersch and Gruber, Encyc. section ii., part 28, p. 37 Kayserling, Gesch. der Juden in Portugal , p. 89 Nehama, Miktebe Dodim , p. 162 see also Jew. Encyc. 8:107.

Rabbi at Costa, where he died in 1848. He was the author of the collection of responsa entitled "Mishnat R. Eli' ezer" (2 vols., Salonica, 1853).

Bibliography : Jellinek, Ḳ onṭ res ha-Maspid , p. 7.

Son of Eliezer, and brother of Abraham and Jonah Toledano born at Miquenes, where he suffered great hardships throughout his life. He was the author of the "Derek Emunah," a commentary on the Passover Haggadah, which was published, together with the commentaries of Rashi, Samuel ben Meï r, and Yom-Ṭ ob Ishbili, under the title "Peh Yesharim" (Leghorn, 1838), while his apologetic work, "Terumat ha-Ḳ odesh" (ib. 1866), is chiefly devoted to a criticism of Reggio .

Bibliography : Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael , pp. 112, 114, which also contains Ḥ abib Toledano's genealogical tree of his family Steinschneider, Hebr. Bibl. 13:54.

Brother of Joseph Toledano. About 1700 he was appointed ambassador to Holland and England by Sultan Muley Ismail of Morocco.

Bibliography : Grä tz, Gesch. 10:260.

Lived at Salonica, where he published his "Ḥ ayyim Medabber," a collection of commentaries on legal codes and rulings (Salonica, 1818).

A contemporary of Elijah Mizraḥ i and Tam Yaḥ ya lived at Brusa about 1530.

Bibliography : Zunz, Z. G. p. 440.

Rabbi at Salonica died there in Nov., 1683. He was the teacher of R. Joseph David, who delivered a funeral oration in his honor.

Rabbi in Salonica died Aug., 1713.

Correspondent of Elijah Mizraḥ i lived at Salonica about 1510. Another Jacob Toledano— possibly the one that sent to Azulai the manuscript treatises which the latter printed at Leghorn in 1805— was dayyan, together with his brother Ḥ yyim, at Miquenes in 1748.

Bibliography : Zunz, Z. G. p. 441 Steinschneider, Verzeichnis der Hebrä ischen Handschriften der Kö niglichen Bibliothek in Berlin , Nos. 56, 66 the latter work also mentions other members of the Toledano family, chiefly those living at Miquenes.

Son of Daniel, and brother of the ambassador Ḥ ayyim Toledano. Muley Ismail, the Sultan of Morocco, who had received valuable assistance from Joseph on his accession to the throne of Muley Mohammed, sent him to The Hague to conclude treaties of reciprocity regarding peace, navigation, and commerce.

Bibliography : De Barrios, Historia Universal Judayca , pp. 9 et seq. , 23 Manasseh ben Israel, Spes Israelis , Hebr. transl., p. 56b Koenen, Geschiedenis der Joden in Nederland , p. 209 Isaac da Costa, Israel und die Vö lker , German transl. by Mann, p. 276.

A resident of Jerusalem, and the author of the "Ḥ aẓ oẓ erot Mosheh La Trompeta de Mose de Toledo, Dividida en Siè te Voces, con los Dinim de la Tephilla y Casa de la Oracion" (Venice, 1643), which is probably identical with the "Advertencias Devotas" (Frankfort-on-the-Main, 1641) generally attributed to him.

Bibliography : Wolf, Bibl. Hebr. 3:821 Fü rst, Bibl. Jud. 3:434 Kayserling, Bibl. Esp.-Port.-Jud. p. 106.

A native of Miquenes author of "Meleket ha-Ḳ odesh," a commentary on Rashi, published by Jacob Toledano (Leghorn, 1803).

Son of Isaac Toledano died of the plague at Salonica in April, 1697.

Bibliography : Jellinek, Ḳ onṭ res ha-Maspid , pp. 26, 41.J. M. K.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Toledano'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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