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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #138 - αἱρέομαι

Word Origin
probably akin to (142)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to take for oneself, to prefer, choose
  2. to choose by vote, elect to office
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  977 ‑ בָּחַר (baw‑khar');  2654 ‑ חָפֵץ (khaw‑fates');  2836 ‑ חָשַׁק (khaw‑shak');  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (3) NAS (3) HCS (3)
Philippians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
Philippians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
Philippians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
Hebrews 1
V-2AMI-3S 1
V-FMI-1S 1
V-AMI-3S 1
V-FMI-1S 1
V-2AMI-3S 1
V-FMI-1S 1
V-AMI-3S 2
V-FMI-1S 1

Thayer's Expanded Definition

αἱρέω, (ῶ: (thought by some to be akin to ἄγρα, ἀγρέω, χείρ, English grip, etc.; cf. Alexander Buttmann (1873) Lexil. 1:131 — but see Curtius, § 117); to take. In the N. T. in the middle only: future αἱρήσομαι; 2 aorist εἱλόμην, but G L T Tr WH ἑιλάμην, 2 Thessalonians 2:13, cf. (Tdf. Proleg., p. 123; WHs Appendix, p. 165;) Winers Grammar, § 13, 1 a.; Buttmann, 40 (35), see ἀπέρχομαι at the beginning; (participle ἑλόμενος, Hebrews 11:25); to take for oneself, to choose, prefer: Philippians 1:22; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; μᾶλλον followed by infinitive with (common in Attic), Hebrews 11:25. (Compare: ἀναιρέω, ἀφαιρέω, διαιρέω, ἐξαιρέω, καθαιρέω, περιαιρέω, προαιρέω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

αἱρέω ,

[in LXX for H559 hi., H977, etc.;]

to take; Mid., -ομαι (M, Pr., 158 f.; MM, VGT, s.v.),

to choose: Philippians 1:22, 2 Thessalonians 2:13, Hebrews 11:25.

(ἀν -, ἀφ -, δι -, ἐξ -, καθ -, περι -, προ -αιρέω .)†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The middle usage of this word, which alone occurs in the NT, may be illustrated from P Par 26.51 (B.C. 163–2) ( = Selections, p. 18) ὑμῖν δὲ γίνοιτο κρατεῖν πάσης ἧς ἂν αἱρῆσθε χώρας, P Lips I. 104.13 (c. B.C. 96–5) περὶ ὧν ἂν αἱρῆσθε γράφετέ μοι, P Oxy III. 489.4 (a will, A.D. 117) καθ᾽ ὃν ἐὰν αἱρῶμαι [τρόπον ], P Ryl II. 153.43 (A.D. 138–61) κ ]ύριος γὰρ ὢν τῶν ἰδίων οὕτως ἥρημαι διατέσθαι, P Tebt II. 319.20 (A.D. 248) ὃ ἐὰν αἱρῆται, and so frequently. It is a sign of the gradual disappearance of the subtler meanings of the middle, that so early as B.C. 95 we find ἐὰν αἱρῆτε and ἐὰν αἱρεῖσθε used side by side for ";if you like,"; P Grenf II. 36.14, .18 : see further Prolegomena, p. 159. For other uses of the active cf. P Fay 34.14 (A.D. 161) τὸ αἱροῦν ἐξ ἴσου, ";equal instalments,"; the same in ib. 93.17 (A.D. 161), P Oxy III. 502.28 (A.D. 164) τὰς αἱρούσας τῶν ἐνοικίων δραχμὰς ἑκατόν, ";the proportionate amount of the rent, 100 drachmae"; (Edd.), BGU II. 405.10 (A.D. 348) πέπρακα εἰς τὸ ἑροῦν (i.e. αἱροῦν) μοι μέρος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αιρείται αιρησομαι αιρήσομαι αἱρήσομαι ειλατο είλατό εἵλατο είλετο είλοντο είλου ελομενος ελόμενος ἑλόμενος ελώμεθα ηρείτο airesomai airēsomai eilato elomenos hairesomai hairēsomai hairḗsomai heilato heílato helomenos helómenos
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