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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1451 - ἐγγύς

Transliteration
engýs
Phonetics
eng-goos'  
Word Origin
from a primary verb agcho (to squeeze or throttle; akin to the base of 43)
Parts of Speech
adverb
TDNT
2:330,194
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. near, of place and position
    1. near
    2. those who are near access to God
      1. Jews, as opposed to those who are alien from God and his blessings
      2. The Rabbis used the term "to make nigh" as equivalent to "to make a proselyte"
  2. of time
    1. of times imminent and soon to come pass
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 251 ‑ אָח (awkh);  4136 ‑ מֻל (mool, mole, mole, mool);  6102 ‑ עָצֵל (aw‑tsale);  7126 ‑ קָרַב (kaw‑rab');  7138 ‑ קָרֹב (kaw‑robe', kaw‑robe');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (30) NAS (31) HCS (30)
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 11
Acts 3
Romans 1
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 11
Acts 3
Romans 2
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 2
Matthew 3
Mark 2
Luke 3
John 11
Acts 3
Romans 1
Ephesians 2
Philippians 1
Hebrews 2
Revelation 2
BYZ TIS TR
ADV 30
ADV 29
ADV 30
NA WH
ADV 17
N-GSF 1
PREP 11
ADV 30


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐγγυìς

ἐγγύς [], Adv., Comp. ἐγγυτέρω (-τέρῳ Hell.Oxy. 6.3), also - ύτερον Pl. Lg. 704e: Sup. ἐγγυτάτω or - ύτατα (first in Hp., and Att.); also ἔγγῑον, ἔγγιστα (v. ἐγγίων).

I of Place, near, nigh, at hand: freq. in Hom., ἐ. γὰρ νυκτός τε καὶ ἤματός εἰσι κέλευθοι Od. 10.86: c. gen., hard by, near to; so λύπας ἐγγυτέρω nearer to grief, S. OC 1217: c. dat., Il. 11.340, E. Heracl. 37; ἐγγὺς ὁδῷ dub. in IG 12.974: mostly with Verbs of rest, ἐ. ἑστάναι, παρεστάναι, A. Pers. 686, Eu. 65; but ἐ. χωρεῖν Id. Th. 59: c. gen., οἱ ἐγγυτάτω τῆς ἀγορᾶς κατεσκευασμένοι Lys. 24.20, etc.

II of Time, nigh at hand, Il. 22.453; ἐ. ἡμῖν ὁ ἀγών X. Cyr. 2.3.2.

III of Numbers, etc., nearly, ἔτεσι ἐ. εἴκοσι Th. 6.5; μισθὸς ἐ. ἐνιαυτοῦ X. HG 3.1.28: generally, nearly, almost, ἐ. ἔγνως S. Ichn. 301; οὐδ' ἐ. τινος not nearly, i. e. not by a great deal, nothing like it, Pl. Smp. 198b; ἔχει οὐχ οὕτω ταῦτα οὐδ' ἐ. not so.. nor yet nearly so, D. 21.30; οὐκ ἐποίουν τοῦτο, οὐδ' ἐ. Id. 18.96; mostly, Hp. Mochl. 34. of Qualities, coming near, ἐ. τι καὶ παραπλήσιον Pl. Grg. 520a; ἐγγύτατα τοῦ νῦν τρόπου, τῆς ξυμπάσης γνώμης, Th. 1.13, 22; ὅτι ἐγγύτατα τούτων Id. 7.86; κοινῇ δὲ πᾶσιν οὐδεὶς ἐγγυτέρω D. 18.288; δοκεῖς δηλῶσαι ἐγγύτατα τὴν ῥητορικήν Pl. Grg. 452e; ἐ. εἶναι, c. gen., Id. Phd. 116b; ἐ. τυφλῶν Id. R. 508c; ἐ. τι τείνειν τοῦ τεθνάναι very near death, Id. Phd. 65a; κακῶς παθεῖν ἐγγύτατα D. 21.123. of Relationship, akin to, οἱ Ζηνὸς ἐ. A. Fr. 162; ἐγγυτέρω γένει or γένους, Pl. Ap. 30a, Isa 3.72; ἐγγύτατα γένους A. Supp. 388, Lys. Fr. 41, Pl. Hp.Ma. 304d; ἐγγυτάτω γένους IG 12.77, Ar. Av. 1666.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἔγγιστα, neuter plural superlative (from ἐγγύς) as adverb, nearest, next: WH (rejected) marginal reading in Mark 6:36 (others, κύκλῳ].

STRONGS NT 1451: ἐγγύς ἐγγύς, adverb (from ἐν and γυιον (limb, hand), at hand; (but rather allied with ἄγχι, ἄγχω, anxious, anguish, etc.; see Curtius § 166; Vanicek, p. 22)) (from Homer down), the Sept. for קָרוב; near;

1. of place and position;

a. properly: absolutely, John 19:42 (cf. also 20 G L T Tr WH (but see below)); with the genitive (Matthiae, § 339, 1, p. 812; Winers Grammar, 195 (183); (471 (439); Buttmann, § 132, 24)), Luke 19:11; John 3:23; John 6:19, 23; John 11:18, 54; John 19:20 (Rec., but see above); Acts 1:12; with the dative (Matthiae, § 386, 6; Kühner, § 423, 13; (Jelf, § 592, 2)), Acts 9:38; Acts 27:8.

b. tropically; οἱ ἐγγύς, those who are near of access to God, i. e. Jews, and οἱ μακράν, those who are alien from the true God and the blessings of the theocracy, i. e. Gentiles: Ephesians 2:17 (cf. Isaiah 57:19); ἐγγύς γίνεσθαι, to be brought near, namely, to the blessings of the kingdom of God, Ephesians 2:13 (so with the rabbis not infrequently to make nigh is equivalent to to make a proselyte, cf. Wetstein at the passage cited; (Schottgen, Horae etc. i., 761f; Valck. Schol. 1:363)); ἐγγύς σου τό ῤῆμα ἐστιν, near thee, i. e. at hand, already, as it were, in thy mind, Romans 10:8 from Deuteronomy 30:14 (cf. Buttmann, § 129, 11; Winer's Grammar, 465 (434)).

2. of Time; concerning things imminent and soon to come to pass: Matthew 24:32; Matthew 26:18; Mark 13:28; Luke 21:30, 31; John 2:13; John 6:4; John 7:2; John 11:55; Revelation 1:3; Revelation 22:10; of the near advent of persons: κύριος ἐγγύς, of Christ's return from heaven, Philippians 4:5 (in another sense, of God in Psalm 144:18 (); with the addition ἐπί θύραις, at the door, Matthew 24:33; Mark 13:29; ἐγγύς κατάρας, near to being cursed, Hebrews 6:8; ἀφανισμοῦ, soon to vanish, Hebrews 8:13.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐγγύς ,

adv.,

[in LXX chiefly for H7138;]

near;

1. of place: John 19:20; John 19:42; as prep. c. gen. (M, Pr., 99), Luke 19:11, John 3:23; John 6:19; John 6:23; John 11:18; John 11:54, Acts 1:12; c. dat., Acts 9:38; Acts 27:8; superl., ἔγγιστα , Mark 6:36, WH, mg.; metaph., οἱ ἐ ., opp. to οἱ μακράν , Ephesians 2:17; . γίνεσθαι , Ephesians 2:13; . σου τὸ ῥῆμα , Romans 10:8 (LXX).

2. Of time: Matthew 24:32; Matthew 26:18, Mark 13:28-29, Luke 21:30-31 John 2:13; John 6:4; John 7:2; John 11:55, Revelation 1:3; Revelation 22:10; ὁ κύριος ἐ ., Philippians 4:5; seq. ἐπὶ θύραις Matthew 24:33; compar., ἐγγύτερον (neut. of adj. -ον , used adverbially), Romans 13:11 (cf. R, txt.); as prep. c. gen., . κατάρα , Hebrews 6:8; ἀφανισμοῦ , Hebrews 8:13 (cf. Cremer, 223).†

ἔγγιστος , see ἐγγύς .

ἐγγύτερος , see ἐγγύς .


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU III. 698.17 (ii/A.D.) ἐγγὺς τῆς ἅλω, ib. 814.80 (iii/A.D.) ἐνγὺς τοῦ ἀδελϕ ̣ο ̣υ ̣̑. For the form see Moulton Gr. ii. § 130.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έγγιστα έγγιστά εγγυς εγγύς ἐγγύς ἐγγὺς εγγύτατοί εγγύτερον engus engys engýs engỳs
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