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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2051 - ἐρίζω

Word Origin
from (2054)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to wrangle, engage in strife
    1. used to describe the calm temper of Jesus in contrast with the vehemence of the Jewish doctors wrangling together about tenets and practices
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1624 ‑ גָּרָה (gaw‑raw');  4784 ‑ מָרָה (maw‑raw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
Matthew 1
Matthew 1
Matthew 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FAI-3S 1
V-FAI-3S 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Dor. 3 pl. ἐρίζοντι Pi. N. 5.39; inf. ἐριζέμεναι, -έμεν, Il. 1.277, 23.404: impf. ἤριζον D. 9.11, Dor. ἔρισδον Theoc. 6.5, ἔριζον Il. 2.555, Ion. ἐρίζεσκον Od. 8.225, Crates Theb. 1.3: fut. ἐρίσω Matthew 12:19, (δι-) App. BC 5.127 codd., Dor. ἐρίξω Pi. Fr. II: aor. I ἤρῐσα Hes. Th. 928, Lys. 2.42, poet. ἔρισα Pi. I. 8(7).30, ἔριξα Id. Pae. 6.87; opt. ἐρίσσειε Il. 3.223; Dor. part. ἐρίξαντες Tab.Heracl. 2.26: pf. ἤρῐκα Plb. 3.91.7: Med., impf. ἐρίζετο Hes. Th. 534: aor. subj. ἐρίσσεται Od. 4.80: Pass., pf. ἐρήρισμαι (in act. sense), v. infr.: (ἔρις):

1. strive, wrangle, quarrel, διαστήτην ἐρίσαντε Il. 1.6, etc.; τὸ δίκαιον οὐκ ἔχει λόγον δυοῖν ἐρίζειν S. El. 467: c. dat., Hes. Th. 928, Pi. Pae. l.c., etc.; ἀλλήλοις Od. 18.277; ἀντιβίην τινί Il. 1.277; ἀντία τοῖς ἀγαθοῖς P 1. P. 4.285; πρὸς θεόν ib.2.88; πρός τινα περί τινος Plu. Tim. 14; ὗς ποτ' Ἀθαναίαν ἔριν ἤρισε Theoc. 5.23; πρὸς πᾶν τὸ λεγόμενον Hdt. 7.50; περί τινος about a thing, Il. 12.423, al.; περὶ μικρῶν ἀκριβῶς ἐ. Isoc. 2.39: folld. by a relat., ἐ. ὅστις ἀρείων Theoc. 5.67; ὁπότερος γενναιότερος Pl. Ly. 207c: c. inf., contend that.., ἤριζον οἱ πολλοὶ οὐ λυσιτελήσειν τὴν πάροδον D. 9.11: abs., of sophistical disputations, opp. διαλέγεσθαι, ἀμφισβητεῖν, Pl. R. 454a, Prt. 337b, cf. Crates Theb. 1.3; of political discord, c. dat., Foed. ap. Th. 5.79.

2. rival, vie with, challenge, οὐκ ἂν ἔπειτ' Ὀδυσῆΐ γ' ἐρίσσειε βροτὸς ἄλλος Il. 3.223; ἐπεί σφισιν οὔ τις ἔριζεν Od. 8.371: c. acc. rei, rival or contend with one in a thing, οὐδ' εἰ..Ἀφροδίτῃ κάλλος ἐρίζοι Il. 9.389, cf. Od. 5.213, Hes. Sc. 5: c. dat. rei, δρηστοσύνῃ οὐκ ἄν μοι ἐρίσσειε βροτὸς ἄλλος in service, Od. 15.321; ποσί Il. 13.325; γνώμῃ καὶ πλήθει καὶ ἀρετῇ ἐ. τινί Lys. 2.42; ἐρίσσειαν περὶ μύθων Il. 15.284; ἀθανάτοισιν ἐρίζεσκον περὶ τόξων Od. 8.225; τῷ Δῒ πλούτου πέρι Hdt. 5.49: c. inf., ἐρίζετον ἀλλήλοιιν χερσὶ μαχέσσασθαι Od. 18.38; ἶσα δὲ πίνειν οὔτις οἱ ἀνθρώπων ἤρισεν Phalaec. ap. Ath. 10.440e; πρὸς θεούς Pl. R. 395d; Νέστωρ οἶος ἔριζε N. alone rivalled (him), Il. 2.555, cf. X. Cyn. 1.12.


1. Med., like Act., [τόξῳ] οὔ τίς τοι ἐρίζεται Il. 5.172; μοι ἐρίσσεται..κτήμασιν Od. 4.80; ἐρίζετο βουλὰς Κρονίωνι Hes. Th. 534, cf. Pi. I. 4(3).29: also in pf. Pass., τῷ οὔ τις ἐρήρισται κράτος Hes. Fr. 195.

2. Pass., ταχυτὰς ποδῶν ἐρίζεται there are contests in fleetness of foot, Pi. O. 1.95.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐρίζω: (future ἐρίσω, cf. Buttmann, 37 (32)); (ἔρις); to wrangle, engage in strife (Latinrix ari): Matthew 12:19, where by the phrase οὐκ ἐρίσει the Evangelist seems to describe the calm temper of Jesus in contrast with the vehemence of the Jewish doctors wrangling together about tenets and practices. ((From Homer down.))

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament


(< ἔρις ),

[in LXX for H4784, etc.;]

to wrangle, strive: Matthew 12:19 (LXX, κεκράζεται ).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Leid Wv. 36 (ii/iii A.D.) ἤρισεν αὐτῷ ὁ πρότερος λέγων, ἐγὼ τούτου ἰσχυρότερός εἰμι. BGU IV. 1043.5 (iii/A.D.) ὥστε ἔτι μοι ἐρίζις.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ερίζεις ερίζουσαι ερισει ερίσει ἐρίσει ερίσητε erisei erísei
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