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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2246 - ἥλιος

Transliteration
hḗlios
Phonetics
hay'-lee-os  
Word Origin
from hele (a ray, perhaps akin to the alternate of (138))
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. the sun
  2. the rays of the sun
  3. the light of day
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 202 ‑ אוֹן (one);  216 ‑ אוֹר (ore);  268 ‑ אָחֹר (aw‑khore', aw‑khore');  2535 ‑ חַמָּה (kham‑maw');  2789 ‑ חֶרֶשׂ (kheh'‑res);  4217 ‑ מִזְרָח (miz‑rawkh');  6924 ‑ קֵדְמָה (keh'‑dem, kayd'‑maw);  8064 ‑ שָׁמֶה (shaw‑mah'‑yim, shaw‑meh');  8121 ‑ שֶׁמֶשׁ (sheh'‑mesh);  8122 ‑ שְׁמַשׁ (sheh'‑mesh);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (32) NAS (32) HCS (32)
Matthew 5
Mark 4
Luke 3
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
James 1
Revelation 13
Matthew 5
Mark 4
Luke 3
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
James 1
Revelation 13
Matthew 5
Mark 4
Luke 3
Acts 4
1 Corinthians 1
Ephesians 1
James 1
Revelation 13
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 12
N-NSM 14
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 11
N-NSM 14
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 12
N-NSM 14
NA WH
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 11
N-NSM 14
N-ASM 4
N-DSM 2
N-GSM 12
N-NSM 14


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἥλιος, ὁ,

ἠέλιος, as always in Hom. (exc. in the late passage Od. 8.271) and Hes., cf. Hp. Alim. 42: Dor. ἀέλιος [] Pi. P. 4.144, Call. Cer. 92, Lav.Pall. 89, and lyr. in Trag., S. Ant. 809, E. Ph. 175, al., but ἅλιος [], S. Tr. 96, E. Alc. 395 (ᾰέλιος S. Tr. 835): Cret. ἀβέλιος (i.e. ἀ ϝ-), Hsch.: Aeol. ἀέλιος Sapph. 79(= Oxy. 1787 Fr. 1.25), Supp. 25.7; ἄλιος Sapph. 69 (s.v.l.): Arc. ἀέλιος (or -) IG 5(2).4.12 (Tegea, iv B.C.):

I

1. sun, Il. 7.421, etc.; ὁρᾶν φάος ἠελίοιο to see the light of life, live, 18.61, etc.; ὑπ' ἠελίῳ τε καὶ οὐρανῷ ἀστερόεντι ναιετάουσι 4.44; γυνὴ.. ἀρίστη τῶν ὑφ' ἡλίῳ E. Alc. 151; οὐκέτ' ἔστιν ὑφ' ἁλίῳ ib. 395; also ὑπὸ ἡλίου ἑωρᾶσθαι Th. 2.102; οἱ ὑπὸ τοῦτον τὸν ἥλιον ἄνθρωποι D. 18.270; τριῶν τῶν ὑπὸ τὸν ἥ. μεγίστων ἡγεμονιῶν Plu. Luc. 30: prov., οὐδ' ὁ ἥ. εἴσεται Hld. 7.21; ὥσπερ σελήνη γ' ἡλίῳ (sc. ὅμοιος) a pale reflection, Com.Adesp. 5.15D.

2. to determine the cardinal points, πρὸς ἠῶ τ' ἠέλιόν τε towards the East, opp. πρὸς ζόφον: εἴτ' ἐπὶ δεξί' ἴωσι πρὸς ἠῶ τ' ἠέλιόν τε, εἴτ' ἐπ' ἀριστερὰ τοί γε ποτὶ ζόφον ἠερόεντα Il. 12.239, cf. Od. 9.26; ὅσοι ναίουσι πρὸς ἠῶ τ' ἠέλιόν τε, ἠδ' ὅσσοι μετόπισθε ποτὶ ζόφον 13.240; πρὸς ἠῶ τε καὶ ἡλίου ἀνατολάς, opp. πρὸς ἑσπέρην, Hdt. 7.58; τὰ πρὸς ἠῶ τε καὶ ἥλιον ἀνατέλλοντα Id. 4.40; οἱ ἀπὸ ἡλίου ἀνατολέων Αἰθίοπες the eastern.., Id. 7.70.

3. day, S. El. 424; a day, Pi. O. 13.37, Hp. Alim. 42, E. Hel. 652 (pl.), Ps.- Luc. Philopatr. 4,26, etc.; later, year, Herod. 10.1.

4. sunshine, sun's heat, ἐπὶ τοῖς ὄρεσιν Pl. Phd. 116e; ἥ. πολύς Luc. Nav. 35, cf. Herm. 25; πολὺντὸν ἥ. ἐμφαίνειν, of a sunburnt person, Id. Ind. 3, cf. Rh. Proverbs 9:1-18 : pl., sunbeams, Thphr. Sign. 22, Ael. NA 16.17; hot sunny days, Th. 7.87.

5. metaph., sunshine, brightness, ψυχῆς Plu. 2.994e, cf. Artem. 2.36, etc.; of a person, Ἑλλάνων δόξης δεύτερον Ἀέλιον IG 14.1188; of Ptol. VI, UPZ 15.33; νέος Ἥ., of Nero and Caligula, SIG 814.34, 798.3.

II

1. as pr. n., Helios, the sun-god, Od. 8.271, etc.; νὴ τὸν Ἥ. Men. Sam. 108; ὑπὸ Δία Γῆν Ἥλιον, in manumission-formula, POxy. 48.6, 49.8 (i A.D.), IG 9(1).412(Aetolia), IPE 2.54.10 (iii A.D.); [ Ἥλιος] δούλους ἐλευθέρους ποιεῖ Artem. 2.36; identified with Apollo, Carm.Pop. 12, E. Fr. 781.11; with Dionysus, D.Chr. 31.11, etc.

2. Ἡλίου ἀστήρ, of the planet Saturn, v.l. in Pl. Epin. 987c, cf. D.S. 2.30, Theo Sm. p.130H. (I.- E. sâwelios, cf. Cret. ἀβέλιος, Lith. sáulë, Lat. sôl.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἥλιος, ἡλίου, (often anarthrous, Winers Grammar, 120 (114); Buttmann, 89 (78)) (ἕλη (root us to burn, cf. Curtius, § 612)); the Sept. for שֶׁמֶשׁ; the sun: Matthew 5:45; Matthew 13:43; Mark 13:24; Luke 4:40; Luke 21:25; Acts 26:13; 1 Corinthians 15:41; Revelation 1:16, etc. equivalent to the rays of the sun, Revelation 7:16; equivalent to the light of day: μή βλέπων τόν ἥλιον, of a blind man, Acts 13:11.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἥλιος , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H8121;]

the sun: with art. (El., § 46, 5), Matthew 5:45; Matthew 13:43; Matthew 17:2; Matthew 24:29, Mark 1:32; Mark 4:6; Mark 13:24; Mark 16:2, Luke 4:40, Acts 2:20 (LXX) Acts 26:13, Ephesians 4:26, James 1:11, Revelation 1:16; Revelation 6:12; Revelation 8:12; Revelation 9:2; Revelation 10:1; Revelation 12:1; Revelation 16:8; Revelation 19:17; Revelation 21:23; βλέπειν τὸν ἥ ., Acts 13:11; οὐδὲ μὴ πέσῃ ἐπ᾿ αὐτοὺς ὁ ἥ ., Revelation 7:16; without art., Matthew 13:6, Luke 21:25; Luke 23:45, Acts 27:20, 1 Corinthians 15:41, Revelation 7:2; Revelation 16:12; Revelation 22:5.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Hib I. 27.80 (a calendar—B.C. 301–240) ἔλεγεν δὲ [δύο ] τ ̣ὰς πορείας εἶναι τοῦ ἡλίου μία (l. μίαν) μὲν τὴν διορίζουσαν νύκτα καὶ ἡμέραν μία (l. μίαν) δὲ τὴν διορίζουσαν χιμῶνα καὶ θέρος, ";he said that the courses of the sun were two, one dividing night and day and one dividing winter and summer"; (Edd.), P Petr III. 144iv. 20 (B.C. 246) ἡλίου περὶ καταφορὰν ὄντος, ";at sunset,"; P Oxy IV. 725.12 (A.D. 183) ἀπὸ ἀν [ατολῆς ] [λίου ] μέχρι δύσεως, and an astronomical dialogue of iii/A.D., P Ryl II. 63.4, where in answer to a question regarding certain εἴδωλα, it is replied—Ἥλι ̣ο ̣ς [ἐσ ]τ ̣ι ̣ν ̣ δεξιὸς ὀφθαλμός, Σελήνη ὁ εὐώνυμος : see also the ii/B.C. papyrus of the astronomer Eudoxus, καθ᾽ ὃν ὁ ἥλιος φερόμενος τὴν μὲν ἡμέραν βραχυτέραν ποιεῖ τὴν δὲ νύκτα μακροτέραν. Two instances may be added from the inscrr., Michel 466.10 (iii/B.C.) ἅμα τῶι ἡλίωι [ἀν ]ατέλλοντι, ib. 1357.10 (B.C. 300–299) ἡλίου ἀνιόντος ὁδός. For the late ἡλιαστήριον, ";a place for sunning oneself,"; cf. P Ryl II. 206.48 (late iii/A.D.), and the introduction to P Oxy VII. 1014 : also for a literary ex. ib. VI. 985. In MGr ἥλιος is found also in the form νήλιος, the ν having been carried over from a preceding word owing to a mistaken separation of words : see Thumb Handbook, p. 25, and cf. ";newt,"; ";nickname,"; also Fr. lierre (Lat. hedera).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ηλιον ήλιον ἥλιον ηλιος ήλιος ήλιός ἥλιος ηλιου ηλίου ἡλίου ηλιω ηλίω ἡλίῳ elio ēliō elion ēlion elios ēlios eliou ēliou helio hēliō helíoi hēlíōi helion hēlion hḗlion helios hēlios hḗlios heliou helíou hēliou hēlíou
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