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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2748 - Κεδρών

Word Origin
of Hebrew origin (06939)
Parts of Speech
Noun Location
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
Cedron or Kidron = "turbid"
  1. the name of a winter torrent, rising near Jerusalem and flowing down through a valley of Kidron, having the Mount of Olives on the east, into the Dead Sea
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 730 ‑ אֶרֶז (eh'‑rez);  1265 ‑ בְּרוֹשׁ (ber‑osh');  6086 ‑ עֵץ (ates);  8391 ‑ תְּאַשּׁוּר (teh‑ash‑shoor');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (1) NAS (1) HCS (1)
John 1
John 1
John 1

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κέδρος, κέδρου, (from Homer down), a cedar, a well-known tree, the wood of which is fragrant: χείμαρρος τῶν κέδρων, John 18:1 R Tr text WH (so also 2 Samuel 15:23; 1 Kings 15:13 (cf. 2:37)); τοῦ (sic) κέδρου, ibid. Tdf.; but see the following word.

STRONGS NT 2748: Κεδρών Κεδρών, (Buttmann, 21 (19)), indeclinable (in Josephus, Κεδρών, Κεδρωνος (see below)), Cedron (or Kidron) (Hebrew קִדְרון i. e. dark, turbid), the name of a (winter-) torrent, rising near Jerusalem and flowing down through a valley of the same name (having the Matt. of Olives on the E.) into the Dead Sea: χείμαρρος τοῦ Κεδρών, John 18:1 G L Tr marginal reading, according to the more correct reading (but see WH's Appendix, at the passage); (χείμαρρος Κεδρωνος, Josephus, Antiquities 8, 1, 5; φάραγξ Κεδρωνος, ibid. 9, 7, 3; b. j. 5, 6, 1; φάραγγι, βαθεῖα ... Κεδρών ὠνομασται, ibid. 5, 2, 3). (B. D., under the word , cf. Cedron, 2; Robinson, Phys. Geogr. of the Holy Land, p. 96f.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κέδρος , -ου , ,

[in LXX chiefly for H730, Numbers 24:6, al.; χειμάρρους τῶν Κέδρων , 2 Samuel 15:23, 1 Kings 15:13 (H6939);]

a cedar: χείμαρρος τῶν Κ . (as in 2Sam, 1Ki, ll. c.), John 18:1 (Rec. Tr., WH, R, mg.; τοῦ Κέδρου , T, WH, mg., see Κεδρών , and cf. Westc., in l; WH, App., 89 f.; Abbott, JG, 513 ff).†


(see κέδρος ), ,


(in FlJ, gen. -ῶνος ; Heb. H6939),

[in LXX: 2 Samuel 15:23, 2 Kings 23:6, al.;]

Cedron (OT, Kidron): χείμαρρος τοῦ Κ ., John 18:1 (L, Tr., mg., R, txt.; cf. Bl., 10, 5; Lft., Essays, 172 ff).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We appear to nave the gen. plur. of this word in the generally accepted reading of John 18:1 πέραν τοῦ χειμάρρου τῶν Κέδρων, but it is probable that this is due to a popular misunderstanding of the real reading τοῦ Κεδρών, where Κεδρών is the indeclinable Hellenized form of a Semitic word קדרוֹן ";dark,"; and indicates that the stream was so called from the turbid character of its waters : see especially Lightfoot Biblical Essays, p. 172 ff., Moulton Gr. ii. §60 (12).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
κέδροι κέδροις κέδρον κέδρος κέδρου κεδρούς κέδρους κέδρω Κεδρων κεδρών Κεδρὼν Κέδρων Kedron Kedrōn Kédron Kédrōn
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