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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2751 - κείρω

Transliteration
keírō
Phonetics
ki'-ro  
Word Origin
a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to sheer: a sheep
  2. to get or let be shorn
  3. of shearing or cutting short the hair of the head
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1494 ‑ גָּזַז (gaw‑zaz');  1548 ‑ גָּלַח (gaw‑lakh');  7094 ‑ קָצַב (kaw‑tsab');  7112 ‑ קָצַץ (kaw‑tsats');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7353 ‑ רָחֵל (raw‑khale');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (4)
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 2
BYZ TIS TR
V-AMM-3S 1
V-AMN 1
V-AMP-NSM 1
V-PAP-GSM 1
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AMM-3S 1
V-AMN 1
V-AMP-NSM 1
V-AMM-3S 1
V-AMN 1
V-AMP-NSM 1
V-PAP-GSM 1
NA WH
V-AAP-GSM 1
V-AMM-3S 1
V-AMN 1
V-AMP-NSM 1
V-PAP-GSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

κείρω,

fut. κερῶ Pl. R. 471a, Ion. κερέω Il. 23.146: aor. ἔκειρα Pi. P. 9.37, E. Tr. 1173, etc., ἔκερσα Il. 13.546 (ἀπο -, in tmesi), A. Supp. 666 (lyr.): pf. κέκαρκα Sammelb. 6002 (ii B.C.), (περι -) Luc. Symp. 32:

Med., fut. κεροῦμαι E. Tr. 1183, (ἀπο -) Pl. Phd. 89b: aor. ἐκειράμἡν Lys. 2.60, etc., ἐκερσάμην Call. Fr. 311, A. Pers. 953 (lyr.): Pass., aor. 1 part. κερθείς (v.l. καρθ -) Pi. P. 4.82: aor. 2 ἐκάρην [ ] PSI 4.368.45 (iii B.C.), subj. κᾰρῇ Hdt. 4.127, inf. κᾰρῆναι, part. καρείς, Luc. So 6, Plu. Lys. 1: pf. inf. κεκάρθαι Hdt. 2.36: Att. plpf. ἐκεκάρμην Luc. Lex. 5. (Cf. Skt. kṛṇâ´ti 'wound', Lat. caro: prob. also O E. scieran, Eng. shear.):

I

1. cut short, shear, clip, esp. of hair, σοί τε κόμην κερέειν (sc. Σπερχειῷ) Il. 23.146, cf. Paus. 1.37.3; κ. ἐν χρ [τὰς τρίχας ] crop it close, Hdt. 4.175; ἀλόχων κείραντες ἔθειραν E. Hel. 1124 (lyr.): more freq. in Med., cut off one's hair or have it cut off, as a sign of mourning (cf. κουρά), τοῦτο.. γέρας οἶον ὀϊζυροῖσι βροτοῖσι, κείρασθαί τε κόμην βαλέειν τ' ἀπὸ δάκρυ παρειῶν Od. 4.198, cf. 24.46, Il. 23.46; πολύν σοι βοστρύχων πλόκαμον κεροῦμαι E. Tr. 1183; κείρομαι κόμαν Id. Ph. 322 (lyr.): abs., cut off one's hair, κείρασθε, συμπενθήσατ' Id. HF 1390; ἐφ' οἷς ἡ πόλις ἐπένθησε καὶ ἐκείρατο Aeschin. 3.211, etc.; ἄξιον ἦν ἐπὶ τῷδε τῷ τάφῳ κείρασθαι τῇ Ἑλλάδι Lys. l.c.: Com., πρὸς φθεῖρα κείρασθαι to have oneself close shorn, Eub. 32: Pass., κουρᾷ.. πενθίμῳ κεκαρμένος E. Or. 458; σύμβολον κ. half- cropped, Hermipp. 14; τὰ ῥόδα κ. Pherecr. 108.29; also, of the hair, to be cut off, πλόκαμοι κερθέντες Pi. P. 4.82; βοστρύχους κεκαρμένους E. El. 515.

2. crop a person, σφέας αὐτοὺς καὶ τοὺς ἵππους, in sign of mourning, Hdt. 9.24; κεκάρθαι τὰς κεφαλάς to have their heads shorn, Id. 2.36; Θρᾳκιστὶ κέκαρμαι Theoc. 14.46; v. χρώς 1.2, ἐγκυτί; shear sheep, μάχαιραι κουρίδες, αἷς κείρομεν τὰ πρόβατα καὶ τοὺς ποιμένας Cratin. 37; κείρεσθαί (tonderi) μου τὰ πρόβατα, ἀλλ' οὐκ ἀποξύρεσθαι (deglubi) βούλομαι Tiber. ap. D.C. 57.10 (cf. infr. 3); τὸ μὲν [καρῆναι] ἐπὶ προβάτων τιθέασι καὶ ἐπὶ ἀτίμου κουρᾶς (cf. Luc. So 6), κείρασθαι δὲ ἐπὶ ἀνθρώπων Phryn. 292; but τῶν Ἀργείων ἐπὶ πένθει καρέντων Plu.l.c.; τῷ σε χρὴ δρεπάνοισι καὶ οὐ ψαλίδεσσι καρῆναι AP 11.368 (Jul. Antec.).

3. metaph., ' fleece', plunder, τὴν μάμμην Herod. 3.39.

II

1. cut down, δοῦρ' ἐλάτης κέρσαντες Il. 24.450; ὕλην S. Tr. 1196; crop close, opp. ἐπιτέμνειν, Thphr. CP 3.23.3; pluck, ἄνθη Philostr. VA 1.5: metaph., ἐκ λεχέων κ. μελιαδέα ποίαν Pi. P. 9.37; Ἄρης κέρσειεν ἄωτον A. Supp. 666 (lyr.).

2. ravage a country, esp. by cutting down crops and fruit-trees, τὸ πεδίον Hdt. 5.63; τέμενος Id. 6.75, cf. OGI 765.10 (Priene); τὴν γῆν Hdt. 6.99, Th. 1.64; χώραν Aen.Tact. 15.9; destroy, πόλιν Call. Fr. 1.60 P.; also, clear, of pioneers, ὄρος Hdt. 7.131: Pass., of a country, to be ravaged, καρῆναι Id. 4.127, cf. 8.65; κεκαρμένα κτήματα SIG 364.67 (Ephesus, iii B.C.): Med., χθὼν πεύκας κειραμένη having its pine-trees cut down, AP 9.106 (Leon.); ἄρουραι λήϊα κειράμεναι Ps.-Phoc. 166: metaph., Σπάρτη.. ἐκείρατο δόξαν had her glory shorn off, Epigr. ap. Paus. 9.15.6; Ἄρης νυχίαν πλάκα κερσάμενος having had the plain swept clean (by destroying the men), A. Pers. 953 (lyr.).

3. ἔκειρε πολύκερων φόνον slaughtered many a horned beast by hewing, S. Aj. 55.

4. hew, carve, ἐπίβασιν Inscr.Cypr. 99 H.

5. cut through transversely, opp. σχίζειν (slit longitudinally), φλέβα Antyll. ap. Orib. 7.11.3.

III generally, destroy, consume:

1 tear, eat greedily, of beasts, κείρει τ' εἰσελθὼν βαθὺ λήϊον [ὄνος ] Il. 11.560; of fish, δημὸν.. ἐπινεφρίδιον κείροντες 21.204; of vultures, ἧπαρ ἔκειρον Od. 11.578, cf. Luc. DDeor. 1.1, DMort. 30.1.

2. metaph., waste, devour, ἐκείρετε πολλὰ καὶ ἐσθλὰ κτήματ' ἐμά Od. 2.312; ἔκειρον κτήματ' ἐνὶ μεγάρῳ 22.369, etc.: abs., κείρετε (sc. βίοτον) 1.378.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

κείρω; (1 aorist ἐκειρα (Acts 8:32 T WH marginal reading)); 1 aorist middle ἐκειραμην; from Homer down; to shear: a sheep, Acts 8:32 ((cf. above) from Isaiah 53:7). Middle to get or let be shorn (Winers Grammar, § 38, 2 b.; Buttmann, § 135, 4): τήν κεφαλήν, Acts 18:18; absolutely, of shearing or cutting short the hair of the head, 1 Corinthians 11:6 (cf. Winer's Grammar, § 43, 1).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κείρω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H1494, Isaiah 53:7, al.;]

to cut short the hair, shear: a sheep, Acts 8:32 (Isa, l.c.). Mid., to have one's hair cut off, be shorn: absol., 1 Corinthians 11:6; τ -. κεφαλήν , Acts 18:18.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

κείρω is used of shearing sheep in PSI IV. 368.45 (B.C. 250–49) ἐκάρη πρόβατα ρ ̄ι ̄ε ̄, cf. .61 ἔκειρε ζ ̄. For the derived meaning ";ravage"; (cf. Lat. tondeo and our ";fleece";) see OGIS 765.10 (iii/B.C.) κείρο [ντ ]ες τ [ ] τεμένη, and the corresponding use of the subst. = ";plur der,"; ";theft,"; in P Lond 403.12 (A.D. 346) (=11. p. 276) [ν τ ]ῶν προβάτων κο ̣υ ̣ρὰν καὶ ἀπελασίαν. A new literary citation is supplied by Herondas iii. 40 τὴν μάμμην. . κείρει, ";he fleeces his grandmother.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκείρατο εκείρετο κείραι κειραμενος κειράμενος κείραντος κειρασθαι κείρασθαι κειρασθω κειράσθω κείρει κείρειν κείρεσθαι κείρης κειρόμενος κείροντας κείροντες κειροντος κείροντος κείρουσι κείρουσί κεκαρμένους κεκαρμένων κεκρυμμένως κερείς keiramenos keirámenos keirantos keírantos keirasthai keírasthai keirastho keirasthō keirástho keirásthō
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