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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3120 - μαλακός

Word Origin
of uncertain affinity
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. soft, soft to the touch
  2. metaph. in a bad sense
    1. effeminate
      1. of a catamite
      2. of a boy kept for homosexual relations with a man
      3. of a male who submits his body to unnatural lewdness
      4. of a male prostitute
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 7390 ‑ רַךְ (rak);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (3)
Matthew 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Matthew 1
Luke 1
1 Corinthians 1
Matthew 2
Luke 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μᾰλᾰκός, ή, όν,



1. of things subject to touch, εὐνή Il. 9. 618; κώεα Od. 3.38; τάπης μαλακοῦ ἐρίοιο 4.124; χιτών Il. 2.42, PSI 4.364.5 (iii B.C.); πέπλοι Il. 24.796; νειὸς μ. fresh-ploughed fallow, 18.541; λειμῶνες μ. soft grassy meadows, Od. 5.72, cf. Il. 14.349; πόας ἄνθος Sapph. 54; τάπητες.. -ώτεροι ὕπνω Theoc. 15.125; of the skin or flesh, μ. παρειαί S. Ant. 783 (lyr.); χρώς E. Med. 1403 (anap.); σώματα X. Mem. 3.10.1; πρόβατα μ. soft-fleeced, D. 47.52; τόποι πεδινοὶ καὶ μ., opp. hard, rugged ground, Arist. HA 607a10; οἱ κρημνοὶ οἱ μ. ib. 615b31; μ. πέτρα SIG 970.8 (iii B.C.), PPetr. 2p.6 (iii B.C.); μ. τέφρα a slow fire, Ph. Bel. 89.36; so μ. πῦρ Androm. ap. Gal. 13.26; μ. ἀνθρακιά Dsc. 2.76; ὕδωρ μ., of marsh water, A. Fr. 192.8 (anap.), Pl. Ti. 59d (cf. μαλθακός); of soil, X. Oec. 19.8, Pl. Criti. 111b. Adv., μαλακῶς ἐνεύδειν, εὑδέμεναι, to sleep softly, i.e. on soft bedding, Od. 3.350, 24.255; μαλακώτατα καθεύδειν X. Mem. 2.1.24; καθίζου μ. sit softly, i.e. on a cushion, Ar. Eq. 785; ὑποστορεῖτε μ. τῷ κυνί Eub. 90, cf. 108; but ὡς μ. ἐσθίεις what dainty food you have! Thphr. Char. 2.10.

2. μαλακά (sc. σκεύη), τά, household utensils, Men. Per.Fr. 3, Diph. 19.


1. of things not subject to touch, gentle, θάνατος Od. 18.202; ὕπνος Il. 10.2; κῶμα 14.359; μ. ἔπεα soft, fair words, 1.582, 6.337; λόγοι Od. 1.56; ἐπαοιδαί Pi. P. 3.51; παρηγορίαι A. Ag. 95 (anap.); αὖραι X. Oec. 20.18; μ. βλέμμα tender, youthful looks, Ar. Pl. 1022; μαλακὰ φρονέων ἐσλοῖς Pi. N. 4.95; μ. οἶνος mild, Arist. Pr. 873b34; μ. [φωνή ] soft, Id. Aud. 803a8 (Comp.); of scent, faint, delicate, Thphr. HP 6.7.4; of climate, mild, ib. 6.8.1. Adv. μαλακῶς, αὐλεῖν Arist. Aud. 803a20; ἐὰν τὰ σκληρὰ μ. λέγηται Id. Rh. 1408b9.

2. light, mild, - ώτεραι ζημίαι Th. 3.45.


1. of persons or modes of life, soft, mild, gentle, μαλακώτερος ἀμφαφάασθαι easier to handle, of a fallen hero, Il. 22.373; ἐκ τῶν μ. χώρων μ. ἄνδρας γίνεσθαι Hdt. 9.122; - ώτερον ἐκ σκληροτέρου τὸ τῆς ψυχῆς ἦθος Pl. Lg. 666b; ἀρνίου -ώτερος Philippid. 29; - ώτερον τὸ ἦθος τὸ τῶν θηλειῶν Arist. HA 608a25; ἀρρένων καὶ μ. ἠθῶν καὶ πράξεων Phld. Mus. p.92 K.

2. in bad sense, soft, μ. ἐν τῇ ξυναγωγῇ τοῦ πολέμου Th. 2.18; μ. ἦν περὶ τοῦ μισθοῦ Id. 8.29; πρὸς τὸ πονεῖν X. Mem. 1.2.2. Adv. - κῶς, ξυμμαχεῖν Th. 6.78; - ωτέρως ἀνθήπτετο attacked him somewhat feebly, Id. 8.50; μ. φιλεῖν X. Mem. 3.11.10. faint-hearted, cowardly, Th. 6.13, X. HG 4.5.16 (Comp.), etc. morally weak, lacking in self-control, Hdt. 7.153 (Comp.); ἀντίκειται τῷ μ. ὁ καρτερικός Arist. EN 1150a33: c. inf., μαλακὸς καρτερεῖν πρὸς ἡδονάς τε καὶ λύπας Pl. R. 556c; τὸ τρυφῶν καὶ μ. Ar. V. 1455 (lyr.); μ. οὐδὲν ἐνδιδόναι not to give in from weakness or want of spirit, Hdt. 3.51, 105, Ar. Pl. 488; τὰ μ. indulgences, Epich. 288, cf. X. Cyr. 7.2.28. = παθητικός, PHib. 1.54.11 (iii B.C.), 1 Corinthians 6:9, Vett.Val. 113.22, D.L. 7.173. of music, soft, effeminate, μ. ἁρμονίαι Pl. R. 398e, 411a, cf. Arist. Pol. 1290a28; tuned to a low pitch, opp. σύντονος, χρῶμα μ. Cleonid. Harm. 7, etc. of style, feeble, τὸ -ώτερον καὶ ταπεινότερον Phld. Rh. 1.197 S. of reasoning, weak, loose, λόγος Isoc. 12.4 (Comp.), cf. 5.149 (Comp.); λόγος λίαν μ. Arist. Metaph. 1090b8. Adv. - κῶς, συλλογίζεσθαι to reason loosely, Id. Rh. 1396b1 (Comp.); ἀποδεικνύειν -ώτερον Id. Metaph. 1025b13.

3. weakly, sickly, - κῶς ἔχειν to be ill, Hermipp. 58, Ps.- Hdt. Vit.Hom. 34, Luc. DDeor. 9.1; - κῶς διάκειται PCair.Zen. 263.3 (iii B.C.). Adv. - κῶς, v. supr. I, II, III.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μαλακός, μαλακή, μαλακον, soft; soft to the touch: ἱμάτια, Matthew 11:8 R G L brackets; Luke 7:25 (ἱματίων πολυτελῶν καί μαλακων, Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 1, 78; ἐσθής, Homer, Odyssey 23, 290; Artemidorus Daldianus, oneir. 2, 3; χιτών, Homer, Iliad 2, 42); and simply τά μαλακά, soft raiment (see λευκός, 1): Matthew 11:8 T Tr WH. Like the Latinmollis, metaphorically, and in a bad sense: effeminate, of a catamite, a male who submits his body to unnatural lewdness, 1 Corinthians 6:9 (Dionysius Halicarnassus, Antiquities 7, 2 under the end; ((Diogenes Laërtius 7, 173 at the end)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μαλακός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX: Proverbs 25:15 (H7390) Proverbs 26:22 (H3859)*;]


1. prop., to the touch (opp. to σκληρός ): of clothing, pl., Matthew 11:8, Luke 7:25.

2. Of persons and their mode of living;

(a) mild, gentle;

(b) soft, effeminate: 1 Corinthians 6:9 (prob. in obscene sense, cf. Deiss., LAE, 150, 4; MM, xvi; Zorell, s.v.).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In P Hib I. 54.11 (c. B.C. 245) (= Chrest. I. p. 563) a certain musician Zenobius is described as ὁ μαλακός probably in the same sense in which the word is found in 1 Corinthians 6:9, rather than simply with reference to his style of dancing (as GH and Smyly who compares Plaut. Mil. 668 : Turn ad saltandum nan cinaedus malacus aequest atque ego) . In a Macedonian inscr. (Duchesne and Bayet p. 46, No. 66) the words ὁ μαλακός have been added in a different style of writing, after the name of the person commemorated, evidently in satirical allusion to his corrupt mode of life. For the adj. = ";soft,"; as in Matthew 11:8, cf. Syll 538 (= .3970).8 (B.C. 289–8) τιθέναι τοὺς λίθους τῆς μαλακῆς πέτρας, and Kaibel 649.4 ἄνθεσιν ἐν μαλακοῖσι. The epithet is applied to wine in PSI VI. 594.21 (iii/B.C.). The form persists in MGr.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εμαλάκυνε μαλακα μαλακά μαλακὰ μαλακή μαλακοι μαλακοί μαλακοὶ μαλακοις μαλακοίς μαλακοῖς μαλακώς malaka malakà malakoi malakoì malakois malakoîs
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