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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3398 - μικρός

Transliteration
mikrós
Phonetics
mik-ros', mik-rot'-er-os  
Word Origin
apparently a primary word
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
4:648,593
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. small, little
    1. of size: hence of stature, of length
    2. of space
    3. of age: less by birth, younger
    4. of time: short, brief, a little while, how little!
    5. of quantity: i.e. number, amount
    6. of rank or influence
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 68 ‑ אֶבֶן (eh'‑ben);  2191 ‑ זְעֵיר (zeh‑ayr');  4323 ‑ מִיכָל (me‑kawl');  4591 ‑ מָעַט (maw‑at');  4592 ‑ מְעָט (meh‑at', meh‑awt');  4592 ‑ מְעָט (meh‑at', meh‑awt');  4705 ‑ מִצְעָר (mits‑awr');  6810 ‑ צָעוֹר (tsaw‑eer', tsaw‑ore');  6995 ‑ קֹטֶן (ko'‑ten);  6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  6996 ‑ קָטֹן (kaw‑tawn', kaw‑tone');  7043 ‑ קָלַל (kaw‑lal');  8241 ‑ שֶׁצֶף (sheh'‑tsef);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (28) NAS (46) HCS (33)
Matthew 6
Mark 3
Luke 5
John 2
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
Revelation 8
Matthew 8
Mark 5
Luke 5
John 8
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Revelation 8
Matthew 6
Mark 3
Luke 5
John 2
Acts 2
1 Corinthians 1
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 1
Hebrews 2
James 1
Revelation 8
BYZ TIS TR
A-APM 2
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 3
A-ASN 16
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 7
A-GSM 3
A-NPM 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1
A-NSM-C 4
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 1
A-APM 2
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 1
A-ASN 14
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 5
A-GPN 2
A-GSM 3
A-NPM 1
A-NSF 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSM-C 3
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 2
A-APM 2
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 4
A-ASN 16
A-DPM 1
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 7
A-GSM 3
A-NPM 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1
A-NSM-C 4
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 1
NA WH
A-APM 3
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 4
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 6
A-GPN 1
A-GSM 3
A-NSF 1
A-NSM 1
A-NSMC 3
A-NSN 1
A-NSNC 2
A-VPM 1
A-APM 3
A-ASF 1
A-ASM 5
A-ASN 16
A-DSM 1
A-GPM 5
A-GPN 2
A-GSM 3
A-NPM 1
A-NSF 2
A-NSM 1
A-NSM-C 3
A-NSN 2
A-NSN-C 2


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

μικρός and σμῑκρός, ά, όν,

Dor., Ion. μικκός (q.v.): σμικρός is corroborated by metre in Il. 17.757, Hes. Op. 361, and might be restored in Il. 5.801, Od. 3.296 (μικρός codd.); it is prob. the only form in Hdt. (μικρός Hdt. 2.74 codd.): freq. in Lyr. and prob. always in Trag. (exc. where metre requires μικρός, as S. Aj. 161 (anap., Comp.)); most freq. in Pl.; but in Th., also Ar. and other Com., μικρός prevails, σμικρός being found Th. 4.13, 7.75, 8.81, Ar. Ach. 523, V. 5; Att. Inscrr. have σμικρός IG 12.313.111, al., μικρός ib.369.10, al.:

Ι small, little,

1 in Size, μ. ἔην δέμας Il. 5.801; μ. λίθος Od. 3.296; κίρκον, ὅ τε σμικρῇσι φόνον φέρει ὀρνίθεσσιν Il. 17.757; σμ. ἄστεα Hdt. 1.5; μεγάθεϊ σμικροί Id. 2.74: with Dims., μ. πολίχνιον, γῄδιον, παιδάρια, Isoc. 5.145, X. Cyr. 8.3.38, Ages. 1.21: as a Com. exaggeration, δικαστηρίδιον μ. πάνυ Ar. V. 803; σκαλαθυρμάτι' ἄττα μ. Id. Nu. 630, etc.: c. inf., μικροὶ δ' ὁρᾶν Id. Pax 821: as a term of reproach, Κλειγενὴς ὁ μικρός Id. Ra. 709, cf. Pl. Prt. 323d, Arist. EN 1123b7, Alex. 98.7; Ἀμύντας ὁ μ. Arist. Pol. 1311b3; οἱ ἐν μικρῷ μεγάλοι short but stoutly built, Philostr. Gym. 36; ὁ μ. δάκτυλος SIG 1172.4 (Lebena).

2. in Quantity, σμικρὸν ἐπὶ σμικρῷ καταθεῖναι Hes. Op. 361; μέλιτος μικρόν Ar. V. 878; μ. ὄψον, ἀργυρίδιον, X. Mem. 3.14.1, Ar. Pl. 240, cf. Antiph. 44.

3. in Amount or Importance, petty, trivial, slight, σμ. πρόφασις Thgn. 323; ἔπος, ἔγκλημα, ῥοπή, etc., S. OC 443, Tr. 361, OT 961, etc.; ἐκ σμικροῦ λόγου on some slight pretext, Id. OC 620; ἐν σμικρῷ λόγῳ παρῆκεν as of small account, ib. 569; αἰτίας μικρᾶς πέρι E. Andr. 387, etc.; οὐδὲ μικρόν, = οὐδὲ γρῦ, D. 19.37; of persons, of small account, opp. μέγας, σμ. ἐν σμικροῖς, μέγας ἐν μεγάλοις Pi. P. 3.107; ἄριστ' ἂν καὶ μέγας ὀρθοῖθ' ὑπὸ μικροτέρων S. Aj. 161 (anap.), etc.; σμ. τίθησί με Id. OC 958; βίος ὁ μ., = μέτριος, E. Fr. 504; τίνος σμικροτάτου μεταβαλόντος, σμικρότατος τὴν δύναμιν, Pl. R. 473b; of the mind, οὐ σμικρὸν φρονεῖ S. Aj. 1120; of style, mean, [ Φίλιστος] μικρὸς ταῖς ἐκφράσεσιν D.H. Vett.Cens. 3.2; of festivals, of lesser importance, Ἁλίεια τὰ μεγάλα καὶ τὰ μ. SIG 1067.14 (Cedreae).

II

1. of Time, short, Pi. O. 12.12, Ar. Pl. 126, etc.; εἰς μ. χρόνον Pl. R. 498d; ἐν μικρῷ (sc. χρόνῳ) shortly, X. Cyn. 5.32, Eq. 8.7; πρὸ μικροῦ Poll. 1.72; ἔτι μικρὸν καὶ καταλιθοβολήσουσί με LXX Exodus 17:4.

2. of Age, young, Ostr.Bodl. i237 (ii B.C.), etc.

III Adverbial usages,

1 regul. Adv. σμικρῶς, but little, Pl. Criti. 107d; μικρῶς by a little, prob. in Archim. Stom. 1: Sup. σμικρότατα X. Mem. 3.11.12.

2. σμικροῦ or μικροῦ within a little, almost, Id. Cyr. 1.4.8, D. 18.151, etc.; in full, μικροῦ δεῖν, v. δεῖ 11, δέω (B) 1; μικροῦ τινος ἀπελείφθη τοῦ μή.. Ach.Tat. 7.13; but μικροῦ πρίασθαι for a little, cheap, X. Mem. 2.10.4.

3. σμικρῷ by a little, with Comp., Pl. Plt. 262c, etc.; also σμικρῷ πρόσθεν a little before, Id. Lg. 719b, etc.; μικρῷ ἄνωθεν D. 44.6.

4. μικρόν a little, σμικρὸν ὑπολείπεσθαι, σμ. τι παρακλίνειν, X. An. 5.4.22, Pl. Cra. 410a; of Time, X. An. 3.1.11, etc.; repeated, μικρὸν μικρόν Antiph. 10: pl., of Degree, σμικρὰ γεωμετρίας ἔμπειροι Pl. R. 527a, etc.; σμίκρ' ἄττα διατρίψαντες Id. Prt. 316a; μικρὰ διακινήσω σε περὶ τοῦ πράγματος Sosip. 1.22; περιπάτησον μικρὰ μετ' ἐμοῦ Men. Sam. 243, cf. Plu. Luc. 31.

5. with Preps., ἐπὶ σμικρόν but a little, S. El. 414, Antipho 6.18, Hdt. 4.129. κατὰ μικρόν into small pieces, X. An. 7.3.22; so κατὰ μικρὰ γενομένης τῆς δυνάμεως ib. 5.6.32; also, little by little, κατὰ μικρὸν ἀεί Ar. V. 702, cf. Nu. 741; opp. συλλήβδην, Pl. R. 344a; καὶ κατὰ σμ. or μ. ever so little, Id. Sph. 241c, Isoc. 3.10, D. 2.22. παρὰ μικρόν within a little, παρὰ μ. ἐλθεῖν c. inf., to be within an ace of doing, E. Heracl. 295 (anap.), cf. Isoc. 7.6, etc.; παρὰ μ. ἦλθον ἀποθανεῖν Id. 17.42; τὸ παρὰ μ. ὥσπερ οὐδὲν ἀπέχειν δοκεῖ Arist. Ph. 197a30; but τὸ παρὰ μ. σῴζεσθαι to be only just saved, Id. Rh. 1371b11, cf. Simp. in Ph. 344.10; gradual, imperceptible change, Arist. Pol. 1303a20; οὐδὲ παρὰ μ. ἦν κρεῖττον c. inf., Plb. 12.20.7; [ ἡ τύχη] παρὰ μ. εἰς ἑκάτερα ποιεῖ μεγάλας ῥοπάς Id. 15.6.8, cf. Isoc. 4.59; but also παρὰ μ. ποιεῖσθαι, ἡγεῖσθαι, to think little of.., D. 61.51, Isoc. 5.79. μετὰ μικρόν a little after, Matthew 26:73. besides regul. Comp. and Sup. μικρότερος, -ότατος (Ar. Eq. 789, D. Prooem. 48, etc.), there are the irreg. ἐλάσσων, ἐλάχιστος, from ἐλαχύς, and μείων, μεῖστος, also μειότερος; v. μείων. [ by nature; only in late Poetry, Epigr. ap. Phleg. Fr. 36.17 J. ] (Perh. cf. Lat. mîca, mîcidus, OHG. smâhi, ONorse smár 'little'.)

Thayer's Expanded Definition

μικρός, μικρά, μικρόν, comparitive μικρότερος, μικροτερα, ἐρον (from Homer down), the Sept. for קָטֹן, קָטָן, מְעַט, small, little; used a. of size: Matthew 13:32; Mark 4:31; hence, of stature, τῇ ἡλικία, Luke 19:3; of length, James 3:5.

b. of space: neuter προελθών (προσελθών, T Tr WH marginal reading in Matthew, Tr WH marginal reading in Mark (see προσέρχομαι, a.)) μικρόν, having gone forward a little, Matthew 26:39; Mark 14:35 (cf. Winers Grammar, § 32,6; Buttmann, § 131, 11f).

c. of age: less by birth, younger, Mark 15:40 (others take this of stature); οἱ μικροί, the little ones, young children, Matthew 18:6, 10, 14; Mark 9:42; ἐπο μικροῦ ἕως μεγάλου (A. V. from the least to the greatest), Acts 8:10; Hebrews 8:11 (Jeremiah 6:13; Jeremiah 38:34 ()); μικρός τέ καί μέγας (both small and great) i. e. all, Acts 26:22; plural, Revelation 11:18; Revelation 13:16; Revelation 19:5, 18; Revelation 20:12.

d. of time, short, brief: neuter — nominative, ἔτι (or ἔτι omitted) μικρόν (namely, ἔσται) καί (yet) a little while and etc. i. e. shortly (this shall come to pass), John 14:19; John 16:16f, 19 ((cf. Exodus 17:4)); ἔτι μικρόν ὅσον ὅσον (see ὅσος, a.); without καί, Hebrews 10:37 (Isaiah 26:20); τό μικρόν (Tr WH omits τό), John 16:18; — μικρόν accusative (of duration), John 13:33 (Job 36:2); μικρόν χρόνον, John 7:33; John 12:35; Revelation 6:11; Revelation 20:3; μετά μικρόν, after a little while, Matthew 26:73; Mark 14:70, (πρό μικροῦ, Wis. 15:8).

e. of quantity, i. e. number or amount: μικρά ζύμη, 1 Corinthians 5:6; Galatians 5:9; of number, μικρόν ποιμιον, Luke 12:32; of quantity, μικρά δύναμις, Revelation 3:8; neuter μικρόν (τί), a little, 2 Corinthians 11:1, 16.

f. of rank or influence: Matthew 10:42; Luke 9:48; Luke 17:2; μικρότερος ἐν τῇ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν, he that is inferior to the other citizens of the kingdom of heaven in knowledge of the gospel (R. V. but little in etc.; cf. Winers Grammar, 244 (229); Buttmann, § 123, 13), Matthew 11:11; Luke 7:28.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

μικρός , - , -όν ,

[in LXX chiefly for H6996, H4591;]

small, little;

1. of persons;

(a) lit., of stature: Mark 15:40 (MM, iii, xvi; on the view that age is meant, v. Deiss., BS, 144), Luke 19:3; οἱ μ ., the little ones, Matthew 18:6; Matthew 18:10; Matthew 18:14, Mark 9:42;

(b) hence metaph., of rank or influence (cf. Dalman, Words, 113 f.) : Matthew 10:42, Luke 17:2, Acts 8:10; Acts 26:22, Hebrews 8:11 (LXX), Revelation 11:18; Revelation 13:16; Revelation 19:5; Revelation 19:18; Revelation 20:12; compar., -ότερος , Matthew 11:11, Luke 7:28; Luke 9:48.

2. Of things;

(a) of size : Matthew 13:32 Mark 4:31, James 3:5;

(b) of quantity: Luke 12:32, 1 Corinthians 5:6, Galatians 5:9, Revelation 3:8;

(c) of time : John 7:33; John 12:35, Revelation 6:11; Revelation 20:3.

3. Neut., μικρόν , used adverbially;

(a) of distance: Matthew 26:39, Mark 14:35;

(b) of quantity: 2 Corinthians 11:1; 2 Corinthians 11:16;

(c) of time : John 13:33; John 14:19; John 16:16-19, Hebrews 10:37; μετὰ μ ., Matthew 26:73, Mark 14:70.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

Among the numerous passages that might be quoted showing how universally in the ancient world a dead body was regarded as unclean, we may mention P Tor I. 1ii. 22 (B.C. 116), where it is said of Hera and Demeter—αἷς ἀθέμιτά ἐστιν νεκρὰ σώματα, ";quae abhorrent a cadaveribus"; (Ed.). Other exx. of the word in this general sense are P Fay 103.1 (iii/A.D.) λ [όγος ] ἀναλώματος τοῦ νεκροῦ, ";account of expenses for the corpse,"; P Oxy I. 51.8 A.D. 173) the report of a public physician who had been appointed—ἐφιδεῖν σῶμα νεκρὸν ἀπηρτημένον Ἱέρακος, ";to inspect the body of a man who had been found hanged, named Hierax"; (Edd.) (cf. ib. III. 475.6—A.D. 182), P Grenf II. 77.13 (iii/iv A.D.) ( = Selections, p. 120), where two men are charged with leaving their brother’s body, while carrying off his effects—καὶ ἐκ τούτου ἔμαθον ὅτι οὐ χάριν τοῦ νεκροῦ ἀνήλθατε ἀλλὰ χάριν τῶν σκευῶν αὐτοῦ, ";and from this I learned that it was not on account of the dead man you came here, but on account of his goods,"; and from the inscrr. Syll 438.145 (c. B.C. 400) τὸν δὲ νεκρὸν κεκαλυμμένον φερέτω σιγᾶι. In JHS xix. p. 92, a sepulchral inscr. of ii/A.D., we have χαῖρέ μοι μῆτερ γλυκυτάτη καὶ φροντίζετε ἡμῶν ὅσα ἐν νεκροῖς —the correlative of the NT ἐκ νεκρῶν. [Note the alternation of sing. and plur. where the reference is identical (cf. Milligan Thess. p. 131 f.).] With the use of νεκρός in Luke 15:24; Luke 15:32, Revelation 1:18; Revelation 2:8; Revelation 3:1, cf. BGU IV. 1024vii. 26 (iv/v A.D.) ε ̣̓λ ̣έησα τὴν δυσδ [αίμον ]α, ὅτι ζῶσ ̣α ̣ [π ]ροσεφέρετο τοῖς βου [λομένοις ] ὡς νεκρά. In C. and B. ii. 343.1 ff. ( = p. 477) a certain Menogenes Eustathes expresses his views on life in the spirit of Epicurean philosophy—

τὸ ζῆν ὁ ζήσας καὶ θανὼν ζῇ τοῖς φίλοις ·

ὁ κτώμενος δὲ πολλὰ μὴ τρυφῶν σὺν τοῖς φίλοις,

οὗτος τέθνηκε πε [ρι ]πατῶν καὶ ζῇ νεκ [ροῦ βίον ?

";The Christian spirit which objected to free enjoyment of life for self and friends is stigmatized as ‘death in life’"; (Ed.). Cf. also Soph. Philoct. 1018 ἄφιλον ἔρημον ἄπολιν ἐν ζῶσιν νεκρόν. Νεκρός is virtually = θνητός in Epict. i. 3. 3, ii. 19. 27 (cited by Sharp, p. 54).

For a subst. νεκρία (not in LS), cf. P Par 22.16 (B.C. 165) τῶν δὲ ἀδελφῶν αὐτοῦ. . . παρακομισάντων αὐτὸν εἰς τὰς κατὰ Μέμφιν νεκρίας, μεχρὶ τοῦ νῦν οὐ τετόλμηκεν αὐτὸν ἡ Νέφορις θάψαι, P Tor I. 1i. 20 (B.C. 116) see note on p. 85, and Preisigke 5216.5 (i/B.C.), and for νεκροτάφος, ";gravedigger,"; cf. P Grenf II. 73.7 (late iii/A.D.) ( = Selections, p. 118), ib. 77.3 (iii/iv A.D.) ( = Selections, p. 120), and see P Ryl II. 65.2 note, and Otto Priester i. p. 108 f.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
μικρα μικρὰ μικραν μικρὰν μικροι μικροὶ μικρον μικρόν μικρὸν μικρος μικρὸς μικροτερον μικρότερον μικροτερος μικρότερος μικρότης μικρου μικροῦ μικρους μικρούς μικροὺς μικρω μικρῷ μικρων μικρῶν mikra mikrà mikran mikràn mikro mikrō mikroi mikroì mikrôi mikrō̂i mikron mikrón mikròn mikrôn mikrōn mikrō̂n mikros mikròs mikroteron mikróteron mikroteros mikróteros mikrou mikroû mikrous mikroús mikroùs
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