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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3690 - ὄξος

Transliteration
óxos
Phonetics
ox'-os  
Word Origin
from (3691)
Parts of Speech
Noun Neuter
TDNT
5:288,701
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. vinegar
    1. the mixture of sour wine or vinegar and water which the Roman soldiers were accustomed to drink
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2558 ‑ חֹמֶץ (kho'‑mets);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (6) HCS (6)
Matthew 2
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 2
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 2
Matthew 1
Mark 1
Luke 1
John 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 4
N-ASN 2
N-GSN 4
N-ASN 3
N-GSN 4
NA WH
N-ASN 2
N-GSN 4


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὄξος, εος, τό, (ὀξύς)

1. poor wine, 'vin ordinaire', Ar. Ach. 35; κοτύλας τέτταρας ὄξους Δεκελικοῦ Alex. 285, cf. X. An. 2.3.14, POxy. 1275.20 (iii A. D.); cf. ὀξίνης 1.

2. vinegar made therefrom, IG 12.334.4, A. Ag. 322, Hp. Acut. 61, Gal. 11.413, etc.; ὑπώμνυτο ὁ μὲν οἶνος ὄ. αὑτὸν εἶναι γνήσιον, τὸ δ' ὄ. οἶνον αὑτό Eub. 65; σφόδρ' ἐστὶν.. ὁ βίος οἴνῳ προσφερής· ὅταν ᾖ τὸ λοιπὸν μικρόν, ὄ. γίγνεται Antiph. 240; ἐς τὰς ῥῖνας ὄ. ἐγχέων, as a mode of torture, Ar. Ra. 620.

3. metaph., of a sour fellow, χὡνὴρ ὄ. ἅπαν Theoc. 15.148.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὄξος, ὀξεος (ὄξους), τό (ὀξύς), vinegar (Aeschylus, Hippocrates, Aristophanes, Xenophon, and following; for חֹמֶץ, Ruth 2:14; Numbers 6:3, etc.); used in the N. T. for Latinposca, i. e. the mixture of sour wine or vinegar and water which the Roman soldiers were accustomed to drink: Matthew 27:34 R L marginal reading, 48; Mark 15:36; Luke 23:36; John 19:29f.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὄξος , -εος (-ους ), τό

(< ὄξύς ),

[in LXX: Numbers 6:3, Ruth 2:14, Psalms 69:21, Proverbs 25:20 (H2558)*;]

sour wine (posca, vin-Deu pays), the ordinary drink of labourers and common soldiers: Matthew 27:48, Mark 15:36, Luke 23:36, John 19:29-30.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ὀφρῦς (for accent see Moulton Gr. ii. p. 141 f.) in its literal sense of the cognate word ";brow,"; ";eyebrow,"; is naturally common in the personal descriptions in which papyrus documents abound, e.g. P Petr I. 11.17 (B.C. 220) οὐλὴ ἐπ᾽ ὀφρύος ἀριστερᾶς, ";a scar on his left eyebrow,"; P Fay 107.15 (A.D. 133) οὐλ () ὀφρύι δεξιᾷ, and similarly BGU I. 287.6 (A.D. 250) (= Selections, p. 115). We may add the famous description of Paul in the Acta Pauli 3, where the apostle is described as σύνοφρυς, ";with eyebrows meeting."; In Epict. i. 3. 2 ὀφρῦς has the metaphorical sense ";pride";; cf. Lat. supercilium.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
όξει οξος όξος ὄξος οξους όξους ὄξους οξυγράφου οξύθυμος οξύναι οξύνει οξύνου ώξυνε oxos óxos oxous óxous
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