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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3694 - ὀπίσω

Word Origin
from the same as (3693) with enclitic of direction
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. back, behind, after, afterwards
    1. of place: things that are behind
    2. of time: after
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 268 ‑ אָחֹר (aw‑khore', aw‑khore');  309 ‑ אָחַר (aw‑khar');  310 ‑ אַחַר (akh‑ar');  310 ‑ אַחַר (akh‑ar');  410 ‑ אֵל (ale);  854 ‑ אֵת (ayth);  1334 ‑ בָּתַר (baw‑thar');  5973 ‑ עִם (eem);  6040 ‑ עֳנִי (on‑ee');  8478 ‑ תַּחַת (takh'‑ath);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (36) NAS (30) HCS (29)
Matthew 6
Mark 6
Luke 8
John 7
Acts 2
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 6
Mark 6
Luke 7
John 7
Acts 2
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
Jude 1
Revelation 3
Matthew 5
Mark 4
Luke 6
John 5
Acts 2
Philippians 1
1 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
Jude 1
Revelation 3
ADV 37
ADV 35
ADV 36
ADV 38

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ὀπίσω [],

ὀπίσσω, the former rare in Hom. and only in signf. 1; Aeol. ὐπίσσω Sapph. Supp. 8.9:



1. of Place, backwards, opp. to πρόσω, Il. 12.272; to προπρηνές, 3.218; ἀνεχάζετο τυτθὸν ὀπίσσω 5.443; ἀ. πολλὸν ὀ. 16.710; πάλιν εἶσιν ὀπίσσω Od. 11.149: in Prose also, τὸ ὀπίσω, contr. τοὐπίσω, τὸ ὀ. φεύγειν Hdt. 1.207, cf. 8.108; ἄναγε εἰς τοὐπίσω Pl. R. 528a, cf. Th. 4.4, Arist. Fr. 106, etc.; [γνάμ]φθη δ' ὀπίσσω [φάσγα]νον B. 12.53; τὰ ὀ. the hinder parts, LXX Joel 2:20; τοῦ προπύλου τὸ ὀ. μέρος SIG 756.17 (Athens, i B. C.); τὴν ὀ. τοῦ προπύλου στέγην ib.12; ἐκ τοῦ ὀ. on the back (of the papyrus), BGU 1002.16 (i B. C.); τἀπίλοιπα ὀ. PTeb. 58.37 (ii B. C.).

2. back, back again, of movement, ἀπήνυσαν οἴκαδ' ὀπίσσω Od. 7.326; ὀπίσω πάλιν οἴκαδε Pi. N. 3.62; ἂψ ὀ. Theoc. 25.74; ἀπίκοντο ὀ. Hdt. 1.62; ὀ. πορευόμενοι ib. 75; ὀ. ἀναπλῶσαι ib. 78; ἐν τῇ ὀ. κομιδῇ on his way back, Id. 8.120, cf. 1.111, etc.

3. back again, again, of action that reverses an action or occurrence, ἀνακτᾶσθαι ὀ. τὴν τυραννίδα ib. 61, cf. 68, 2.14; ἀποδόντες ὀ. Id. 5.92. γ'; σφραγίζεις λύεις τ' ὀπίσω E. IA 38 (anap.).

4. c. gen., δεῦτε ὀ. μου come after me, follow me, Matthew 4:19.


1. of Time, hereafter, since the future is unseen and was therefore regarded as behind us, whereas the past is known and therefore before our eyes, ἡμῖν τεκέεσσί τ' ὀπίσσω πῆμα λίποιτο Il. 3.160; Τρῳαὶ δέ μ' ὀπίσσω πᾶσαι μωμήσονται ib. 411, cf. Hes. Op. 741, Th. 488; ἔς περ ὀπίσσω Od. 20.199 (εἰσοπίσω S. Ph. 1104 (lyr.)); opp. to νῦν, τούτῳ δ' οὔτ' ἂρ νῦν φρένες ἔμπεδοι [εἰσίν], οὔτ' ἄρ' ὀπίσσω ἔσσονται Il. 6.352; to προπάροιθε, σεῖο δ', Ἀχιλλεῦ, οὔ τις ἀνὴρ προπάροιθε [ἦν] μακάρτατος, οὔτ' ἄρ' ὀπίσσω [ἔσσεται] Od. 11.483; where ὀπίσσω and πρόσσω are opposed, πρόσσω must be the past and ὀπίσσω the future, οἶδε νοῆσαι ἅμα πρόσσω καὶ ὀπίσσω Il. 1.343; ἅμα πρόσσω καὶ ὀ. λεύσσει 3.109; ὅρα πρόσσω καὶ ὀ. 18.250, Od. 24.452; so ὅσα τ' ἦν ὅσα τ' ἔσθ' ὅσα τ' ἔσται ὀπίσσω Emp. 21.9 (ap. Arist. Metaph. 1000a30); οὔτ' ἐνθάδ' ὁρῶν οὔτ' ὀπίσω neither present nor future, S. OT 488 (lyr.); τοὐπίσω σκοπεῖν E. Fr. 49; θνητὸς πεφυκὼς τοὐπίσω πειρῶ βλέπειν Isid.Trag. 2; cf. ὄπισθεν 11.1.

2. ἐν τοῖσι ὀ. λόγοις in the books yet to come, in the following books, Hdt. 1.75; cf. ὄπισθεν 11.2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ὀπίσω ((perhaps) from ὄπις; and this from ἐπω, ἕπομαι, to follow (but cf. Vanicek, p. 530)), adverb of place and time, from Homer down; the Sept. for אַחַר, אָחור and especially for אַחֲרֵי; (at the) back, behind, after;

1. adverbially of place: ἑστάναι, Luke 7:38; ἐπιστρέψαι ὀπίσω, back, Matthew 24:18 (ὑποστρέφειν ὀπίσω, Josephus, Antiquities 6, 1, 3); τά ὀπίσω, the things that are behind, Philippians 3:13 (14); εἰς τά ὀπίσω ἀπέρχεσθαι, to go backward, Vulg. abire retrorsum, John 18:6; to return home, of those who grow recreant to Christ's teaching and cease to follow him, John 6:66; στρέφεσθαι, to turn oneself back, John 20:14; ἐπιστρέφειν, to return back to places left, Mark 13:16; Luke 17:31; ὑποστρέψαι εἰς τά ὀπίσω, tropically, of those who return to the manner of thinking and living already abandoned, 2 Peter 2:21 Lachmann; βλέπειν (Vulg. (aspicere or)respicere retro (A. V. to look back)), Luke 9:62.

2. By a usage unknown to Greek authors, as a preposition with the genitive (Winers Grammar, § 54, 6; Buttmann, § 146, 1);

a. of place: Revelation 1:10 (WH marginal reading ὄπισθεν); (Numbers 25:8; Song of Solomon 2:9); in phrases resembling the Hebrew (cf. Winers Grammar, 30; Buttmann, as above and 172 (150)): ὀπίσω τίνος ἔρχεσθαι to follow anyone as a guide, to be his disciple or follower, Matthew 16:24; Luke 9:23; Mark 8:34 R L Tr marginal reading WH; (cf. Luke 14:27); also ἀκολουθεῖν, Mark 8:34 G T Tr text; Matthew 10:38 (see ἀκολουθέω, 2 at the end); πορεύεσθαι, to join oneself to one as an attendant and follower, Luke 21:8 (Sir. 46:10); to seek something one lusts after, 2 Peter 2:10 (cf. Winers Grammar, 594 (553); Buttmann, 184 (160)); ἀπέρχομαι ὀπίσω τίνος, to go off in order to follow one, to join one's party, Mark 1:20; John 12:19; to run after a thing which one lusts for (cf. Buttmann, as above), ἑτέρας σαρκός, Jude 1:7; δεῦτε ἐπίσω μου (see δεῦτε, 1), Matthew 4:19; Mark 1:17; ἀποστέλλειν τινα ὀπίσω τίνος, Luke 19:14; ἀφισταναι, ἀποσπᾶν, τινα ὀπίσω αὐτοῦ, to draw one away to (join) his party, Acts 5:37; Acts 20:30; ἐκτρέπεσθαι, to turn out of the right path, turn aside from rectitude, 1 Timothy 5:15; by a pregnant construction, after θαυμάζειν, to wonder after i. e. to be drawn away by admiration to follow one (Buttmann, 185 (160f)), Revelation 13:3 (πᾶς λαός ἐξέστη ὀπίσω αὐτοῦ, 1 Samuel 13:7); ὕπαγε ὀπίσω μου (A. V. get thee behind me), out of my sight: Luke 4:8 R L brackets; Matthew 4:10 (G L brackets); ; Mark 8:33.

b. of time, after: ἐρήξεσθαι ὀπίσω τίνος, to make his public appearance after (subsequently to) one, Matthew 3:11; Mark 1:7; John 1:15, 27, 30 (ὀπίσω τοῦ σαββάτου, Nehemiah 13:19).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ὀπίσω ,


of place and time,

[in LXX chiefly for H310 and cogn. forms;]

1. prop., as in cl., adv.,

(a) of time (not in NT);

(b) of place, back, behind, after: Matthew 24:18, Luke 7:38; τὰ ὀ ., Philippians 3:13; εἰς τὰ ὀ ., Mark 13:16, Luke 9:62; Luke 17:31, John 6:66; John 18:6; John 20:14.

2. By a usage not found in cl., and in LXX representing the Heb. prep. H310 (Bl., § 40, 8; Thackeray, Gr., 46 f.), but also prob. general in vernacular (M, Pr., 99), as prep. c. gen.;

(a) of time, after: Matthew 3:11, Mark 1:7 John 1:15; John 1:27; John 1:30;

(b) of place, behind, after: Matthew 4:19; Matthew 10:38; Matthew 16:23-24, Mark 1:17; Mark 1:20; Mark 8:33-34, Luke 9:33; Luke 14:27; Luke 19:14; Luke 21:8, 2 Peter 2:10, Judges 1:7, Revelation 1:10; Revelation 12:15; in constr. praegn. (v. Swete on Re, l.c.), John 12:19, Acts 5:17; Acts 20:30, 1 Timothy 5:15, Revelation 13:3.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

We are unable to illustrate from our sources the metaphorical meaning which this word has on its only occurrence in the NT (2 Corinthians 10:4), but for the original force of ";stronghold,"; ";prison"; (as in Genesis 39:20), cf. P Petr II. 13(3).8 (B.C. 258–53) τὸ πρὸς νότον [τ ]οῦ ὀχυρώματος, ";the wall to the south of the prison,"; P Strass II. 85.23 (B.C. 113) ἀπὸ τῆς ἐντὸς τοῦ ὀχυρώματος οἰκίας ὠικοδομημένης, and OGIS 455.14 (B.C. 39). For ὀχύρωσις see P Lille I. 3.21 (after B.C. 241–0) εἰς ὀχύρωσιν. The verb is found in the Petrie papyri of strengthening the dykes in view of the rise of the Nile, e.g. II. 9(1).8 (B.C. 241–39) τοῦ γὰρ ποταμοῦ πρὸς πόντα τὰ χώματα προσβαίνοντ [ος τὰ π ]άντα ὀχ [υρῶσ ]αι δεῖ : cf. OGIS 90.25 (the Rosetta stone—B.C. 196) τὰ πεδία κατέσχεν ἐκ πολλῶν τόπων ὀχυρώσας τὰ στόματα τῶν ποταμῶν (";canals";).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
οπισω οπίσω ὀπίσω οπλαίς οπλάς οπλήν οπλής όπλων opiso opisō opíso opísō
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