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Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #3770 - οὐράνιος

Word Origin
from (3772)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. heavenly
    1. dwelling in heaven
    2. coming from heaven
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 8064 ‑ שָׁמֶה (shaw‑mah'‑yim, shaw‑meh');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (9) HCS (9)
Matthew 4
Luke 1
Acts 1
Matthew 7
Luke 1
Acts 1
Matthew 7
Luke 1
Acts 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

οὐράν-ιος [ ], α, ον,

also ος, ον E. Ion 715, Ph. 1729 (both lyr.), Pl. Phdr. 247a (v.l.), IG 12(2).58b4 (Mytil.):


1. heavenly, dwelling in heaven, γέννα A. Pr. 165 (lyr.); θεοί h.Cer. 55, A. Ag. 90 (anap.), E. HF 758 (lyr.), etc.; οὐράνιαι the goddesses, Pi. P. 2.38 codd.; οὐράνιοι the gods, IG 5(1).40 (Laconia); of special gods, Θέμις οὐ. Pi. Fr. 30.1; Ζεύς Hdt. 6.56, Call. Jov. 55, etc.; αἱ οὐ. θεοί, Demeter and Kore, IG 12 (5).655.6 (Syros, nr. Delos); Ἥρα CIG 7034; Ἔρως ib.3157; v. Οὐρανία.

2. generally, in or of heaven, ἀστήρ Pi. P. 3.75; πόλος A. Pr. 429 (lyr.); οὐ. θεᾶς βρέτας fallen from heaven, E. IT 986; ἀστραπά S. OC 1466 (lyr.); φῶς Id. Ant. 944 (lyr.); νεφέλαι Ar. Nu. 316; οὐ. ὕδατα, i.e. rain, Pi. O. 11(10).2, Gp. 2.6.10; so τὰ οὐ. alone, = rains, Thphr. HP 4.14.8; οὐ. ἄχος, of a storm, S. Ant. 418 (where it may be metaph., cf. infr. 11); οὐ. σημεῖα X. Cyr. 1.6.2; τὰ οὐ. the phenomena of the heavens, Id. Mem. 1.1.11; οὐράνιά τε καὶ χθονοστιβῆ S. OT 301.

II reaching to heaven, high as heaven, κίων, of Aetna, Pi. P. 1.19; ἐλάτης οὐ. ἄκρος κλάδος E. Ba. 1064; πήδημα Id. El. 860 (lyr.); σκέλος οὐ. ἐκλακτίζειν, ῥίπτειν, kick up sky-high, Ar. V. 1492, 1530; of sounds, ὀμφὰν οὐ. A. Supp. 808 (lyr.), cf. Ar. Ra. 781; ἵππον οὐράνια βρέμοντα E. Tr. 519 (lyr.): metaph., mountainous, colossal, οὐ. ἄχη A. Pers. 573 (lyr.); ἡμάρτηκεν οὐράνιόν γ' ὅσον Ar. Ra. 1135.

III sky-blue, λίθος κυανωτάτη καὶ -ία ἰδεῖν Philostr. VA 1.25. οὐράνιον, τό, name of an eye-salve, Orib. ap. Aët. 7.106. Adv. -ίως from the point of view of heaven, opp. γηΐνως, Procl. Sacr. p.148 B.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

οὐράνιος, οὐράνιον, in classical Greek generally of three term. (Winers Grammar, § 11, 1; Buttmann, 25 (23)) (οὐρανός), heavenly, i. e.

a. dwelling in heaven: πατήρ οὐράνιος, Matthew 6:14, 26, 32; Matthew 15:13; besides L T Tr WH in ; στρατιᾶς οὐρανίου Luke 2:13 (where Tr text WH marginal reading οὐρανοῦ).

b. coming from heaven: οὐρανίῳ ὀπτασία, Acts 26:19. (Homer in Cer. 55; Pindar, Tragg., Aristophanes, others.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

οὐράνιος , -ον

(cl. usually -α , -ον ),

[in LXX: Deuteronomy 28:12 A (H8064), etc.;]

of or in heaven, heavenly: Matthew 5:48; Matthew 6:14; Matthew 6:26; Matthew 6:32; Matthew 15:13; Matthew 18:35; Matthew 23:9, Luke 2:13, Acts 26:19.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";ask,"; ";beseech,"; as frequently in the NT, is a common formula in papyrus private letters, e.g. P Par 42.8 (B.C. 156) (= UPZ i. p. 318) παρεκάλεσα αὐτὸν ἔρχεσθαι, περὶ ὧν ἂν βούληται, BGU IV. 1141.10 (B.C. 14) ἐρωτῶ σε οὖν καὶ παρακαλῶι καὶ τὴν Καίσαρος τύ [χη ]ν σε ἐξορκιζῶι, and P Oxy IV. 744.6 (B.C. 1) ἐρωτῶ σε καὶ παρακαλῶ σε ἐπιμελήθ <ητ >ι τῷ παιδίῳ.

For παρακαλέω c. semi-final ἵνα, as in 1 Thessalonians 4:1 B, cf. P Ryl II. 229.17 (A.D. 38) παρακάλεσον οὖν τὴν γυναῖκά σου τοῖς ἐμοῖς λόγοις, ἵνα ἐπιμελῆται τῶν χοιριδίων, and the Christian P Heid 6.14 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 126) παρακαλῶ [ο ]ὖν, δέσποτα, ἵνα μνημον [ε ]ύῃς μοι εἰς τὰς ἁγίας σου εὐχάς : see Proleg. p. 206 ff.

Similarly παρακληθείς is used, much as we use ";please";—P Fay 109.3 (early i/A.D.) παρακληθεὶς τοὺς τρεῖς στατῆρες (= ας) οὓς εἴρηκέ σοι Σέλευκος δῶναί μοι ἤδη δὸς Κλέωνι, ";please give to Cleon the three staters which Seleucus told you to give me"; (Edd.), and so.10, P Ryl II. 230.6 (A.D. 40) παρακληθ [εὶ ]ς οὖν ἐκ παντὸς τρόπου ποίησον, ";please do your utmost,"; and P Tebt II. 448 (ii/iii A.D.) παρακληθεὶς δέ, ἄδελφε, συνλαβοῦ τῷ ἀναδίδοντί σοι τὸ ἐπιστόλιον.

The somewhat stronger meaning ";exhort,"; ";urge,"; is seen in P Oxy VII. 1061.4 (B.C. 22) ἀνάγκην ἔσχον παρακαλέσαι Πτολεμαῖον, ";I have been obliged to urge Ptolemaeus,"; P Amh II. 130.15 (A.D. 70) παρακέκλημαι ἐπὶ μίσονος (l. μείζονος) ναύλου, ";I have been called on to pay (?) a higher freight,"; BGU III. 846.10 (ii/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 94) παρακα [λ ]ῶ σοι, μήτηρ, δ [ι ]αλάγητί μοι, ";I beg of you, mother, be reconciled to me,"; and P Oxy I. 117.3 (ii/iii A.D.) κατ᾽ ὄψιν σὲ παρακέκληκα, ";I have urged you in person"; (Edd.).

For 2 Corinthians 12:8 Deissmann (LAE, p. 311) cites Syll 804 (= .31170).31 where a man, who was cured at the shrine of Asclepius in Epidaurus, records regarding one of his ills—καὶ γὰρ περὶ τούτου παρεκάλεσα τὸν θεόν, ";and concerning this thing I besought the god"; : see also P Leid K.9 (B.C. 99) (= I. p. 52) πα [ρακα ]λῶ δὲ κ [αὶ ] αὐτοὺς τοὺς θεούς, ὅπῶς δῶσιν αὐτοῖς χ [άριν, and P Lond 1244.6 (iv/A.D.) (= III. p. 244) εὐχόμενος καὶ παρακαλῶν τὸν θεόν.

With 1 Corinthians 4:13 (cf. Acts 16:39) Lietzmann (HZNT ad l.) compares the use of the verb in Aristeas 229, 235, 238, 264. See also Menander Fragm. p. 241—

οὐχὶ παρακληθέντας ὑμᾶς δεῖ γὰρ ἡμῖν εὐνοεῖν,

ἀλλ᾽ ὑπάρχειν τοῦτο,

";you ought not to wait to be called on for goodwill to us : we should have that already.";

A triple compd. προσεπιπαρακαλέω is found in BGU I. 248.4 (i/A.D.), 249.18 (ii/A.D.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ουρανιος ουρανίος ουράνιος οὐράνιος ουρανιου ουρανίου οὐρανίου ουρανιω ουρανίω οὐρανίῳ ouranio ouraniō ouraníoi ouraníōi ouranios ouránios ouraniou ouraníou
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